Nunn, Nathan (2007): Slavery, Inequality, and Economic Development in the Americas: An Examination of the Engerman-Sokoloff Hypothesis.
Download (217kB) | Preview
Recent research argues that among former New World colonies a nation's past dependence on slave labor was important for its subsequent economic development (Engerman and Sokoloff, 1997, 2002, 2006; Sokoloff and Engerman, 2000). These studies argue that specialization in plantation agriculture based on slave labor caused economic inequality, which concentrated power in the hands of a small elite, adversely affecting the development of domestic institutions needed for sustained economic growth. I test for these relationships looking both across former New World economies and across states and counties within the U.S. I find evidence that slave use is negatively correlated with subsequent economic development. However, I do not find evidence that this negative relationship is driven by large scale plantation slavery, or that the relationship works through slavery’s effect on economic inequality.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Institution:||University of British Columbia|
|Original Title:||Slavery, Inequality, and Economic Development in the Americas: An Examination of the Engerman-Sokoloff Hypothesis|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O10 - General
N - Economic History > N0 - General > N00 - General
|Depositing User:||Nathan Nunn|
|Date Deposited:||15. Jul 2007|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 09:14|
Acemoglu, Daron, Mar´ıa Ang´elica Bautista, Pablo Querub´ın, and James A. Robinson, “Economic and Political Inequality in Development: The Case of Cundinamarca, Colombia,” (2007), mimeo, M.I.T. Acevedo, Edberto Oscar, La Intendencia del Paraguay en el Virreinato del R´ıo de la Plata (Ediciones Ciudad Argentina, Buenos Aires, 1996). Aguirre Beltran, Gonzalo, La Poblacion Negra de Mexico, 1519–1810 (Fondo de Cultura Economica, Mexico City, 1940). Engerman, Stanley L., and B. W. Higman, “The demographic structure of the Caribbean slave societies in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries,” in Franklin W. Knight, ed., General History of the Caribbean, Volume III: The slave societies of the Caribbean (UNESCO Publishing, London, 1997), 45–104. Engerman, Stanley L., and Kenneth L. Sokoloff, “Factor Endowments, Institutions, and Differential Paths of Growth Among New World Economies: A View from Economic Historians of the United States,” in Stephen Harber, ed., How Latin America Fell Behind (Stanford University Press, Stanford, 1997), 260–304. ———, “Factor Endowments, Inequality, and Paths of Development Among New World Economies,” Working Paper 9259, National Bureau of Economic Research (2002). ———, “The Persistence of Poverty in the Americas: The Role of Institutions,” in Samuel Bowles, Steven N. Durlauf, and Karla Hoff, eds., Poverty Traps (Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2006), 43–78. Figueroa, Federico Brito, La estructura econ´omica de Venezuela colonial (Universidad Central de Venezuela, Ediciones de la Biblioteca, Caracas, 1983). Higman, Barry W., Slave Populations of the British Caribbean, 1807–1834 (The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 1984). Johnson, Lyman L., Susan Migden Socolow, and Sibila Seibert, “Poblaci´on y Espacio en el Buenos Aires del Siglo XVIII,” Desarrollo Econ´omico, 20 (1980), 329–349. Jones, Alice Hanson, Wealth of a Nation to Be (Columbia University Press, New York, 1980). Lagerl¨of, Nils-Petter, “Geography, Institutions and Growth: The United States as a Microcosm,” (2005), mimeo, York University. Maddison, Angus, The World Economy: Historical Statistics (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris, 2003). McFarlane, Anthony, Colombia before Independence: Economy, Society, and Politics under Bourbon Rule (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1993). Mitchener, Kris James, and Ian W. McLean, “The Productivity of U.S. States Since 1880,” Journal of Economic Growth, 8 (2003), 73–114. Ramcharan, Rodney, and Lennart Erikson, “Inequality and Redistribution Evidence From US Counties and States, 1890-1930,” (2006), mimeo, International Monetary Fund. Restrepo, Jos´e Manuel, Historia de la Revoluci´on de la Rep´ublica de Colom- bia en la Am´erica meridional, vol I (Bensanzon, Paris, 1827). Rout Jr., Leslie B., The African Experience in Spanish America (Cambridge University Press, London, 1976). Rugendas, Jo˜ao Maur´ıcio, Viagem Pitoresca atrav´es do Brasil (Livraria Martins, S˜ao Paulo, 1940). Sater, William F., “The Black Experience in Chile,” in Robert Brent Toplin, ed., Slavery and Race Relations in Latin America (Greenwood Press, Westport, 1974), 13–50. Simonsen, Roberto Cochrane, Historia Economica do Brasil: 1500/1820 (Companhia Editora Nacional, Sao Paulo, 1978). Sokoloff, Kenneth L., and Stanley L. Engerman, “History Lessons: Institutions, Factor Endowments, and Paths of Development in the New World,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14 (2000), 217–232. U.S. Bureau of the Census, County and City Data Book, 2000 (U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C., 2006). Williams, John Hoyt, “Observations on Blacks and Bondage in Uruguay, 1800-1836,” The Americas, 43 (1987), 411–427. World Bank, World Development Indicators (World Bank, Washington, D.C., 2006).
Available Versions of this Item
- Slavery, Inequality, and Economic Development in the Americas: An Examination of the Engerman-Sokoloff Hypothesis. (deposited 15. Jul 2007) [Currently Displayed]