Fenske, James (2012): Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa.
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State capacity matters for growth. I test Bates' explanation of pre-colonial African states. He argues that trade across ecological boundaries promoted states. I find that African societies in ecologically diverse environments had more centralized states. This is robust to reverse causation, omitted heterogeneity, and alternative interpretations of the link between diversity and states. Ecological diversity also predicts states outside of Africa. I test mechanisms connecting trade to states, and find that trade supported class stratification between rulers and ruled. I underscore the importance of ethnic institutions and inform our knowledge of the effects of geography and trade on institutions.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa|
|Keywords:||Africa, ecology, states, trade|
|Subjects:||N - Economic History > N5 - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment, and Extractive Industries > N57 - Africa; Oceania
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O10 - General
|Depositing User:||James Fenske|
|Date Deposited:||31. Aug 2012 15:01|
|Last Modified:||11. Feb 2013 19:22|
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Available Versions of this Item
Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa. (deposited 04. Dec 2010 20:40)
Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa. (deposited 06. Mar 2011 15:58)
Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa. (deposited 06. May 2011 13:35)
Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa. (deposited 15. Mar 2012 13:24)
- Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa. (deposited 31. Aug 2012 15:01) [Currently Displayed]
- Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa. (deposited 15. Mar 2012 13:24)
- Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa. (deposited 06. May 2011 13:35)
- Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa. (deposited 06. Mar 2011 15:58)