Simplice A, Asongu (2012): Fighting corruption in Africa: do existing corruption-control levels matter? Forthcoming in:
This is the latest version of this item.
Download (188kB) | Preview
Download (188kB) | Preview
Purpose – Are there different determinants in the fight against corruption across African countries? Why are some countries more effective at battling corruption than others? To assess these concerns we examine the determinants of corruption-control throughout the conditional distribution of the fight against corruption using panel data from 46 African countries for the period 2002-2010.
Design/methodology/approach – The panel quantile regression technique enables us to investigate if the relationship between corruption-control and the exogenous variables differs throughout the distribution of the fight against corruption.
Findings – Results could be summarized in the following. (1) Greater economic prosperity leads to less corruption-control and the magnitude of the effect is more important in countries where the fight against corruption is high. (2) Regulation quality seems bimodal, with less positive effects in the tails: among the best and least fighters of corruption. (3) There is support for a less negative consequence of population growth in countries that are already taking the fight against corruption seriously in comparison to those that are lax on the issue. (4) Findings on democracy broadly indicate the democratization process increases the fight against corruption with a greater magnitude at higher quantiles: countries that are already taking the fight seriously. (5) The relevance of voice and accountability in the battle against corruption decreases as corruption-control is taking more seriously by the powers that be. (6) Good governance dynamics of political stability, government effectiveness and the rule of law gain more importance in the fight against corruption when existing levels of corruption-control are already high.
Social implications – Our results suggest that the determinants of corruption-control respond differently across the corruption-control distribution. This implies some current corruption-control policies may be reconsidered, especially among the most corrupt and least corrupt African nations. As a policy implication, the fight against corruption should not be postponed, doing so will only reduce the effectiveness of policies in the future. The rewards of institutional reforms are more positive in countries that are already seriously engaged in the corruption fight.
Originality/value – This paper contributes to existing literature on the determinants of corruption by focusing on the distribution of the dependent variable(control of corruption). It is likely that good and poor corruption fighters respond differently to factors that influence the fight against corruption. There are subtle institutional differences between corrupt and clean nations that may affect corruption-control determinants and government efficacy in the fight against corruption.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Fighting corruption in Africa: do existing corruption-control levels matter?|
|Keywords:||Corruption; Democracy; Government quality; Quantile regression; Africa|
|Subjects:||H - Public Economics > H1 - Structure and Scope of Government > H10 - General
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C10 - General
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O5 - Economywide Country Studies > O55 - Africa
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O10 - General
K - Law and Economics > K1 - Basic Areas of Law > K10 - General
|Depositing User:||Simplice Anutechia Asongu|
|Date Deposited:||11. Sep 2012 10:59|
|Last Modified:||23. Apr 2014 14:09|
Abed, G. T., & Gupta, S., (2002), Governance, corruption and economic performance. Washington: International Monetary Fund.
African Development Bank(2006), “Combating Corruption in Africa: Issues and Challenges”. Concept note paper for the 2006 Annual Meetings, Ouagadougou.
Aidt, T. S., (2003), “Economic analysis of corruption: a survey”, Economic Journal, 113, F632–F652
Asongu, S. A., (2012), “On the effect of foreign aid on corruption”, MPRA Paper No.36545.
Asongu, S. A., & Jingwa, B. A.,(2011), “Population growth and forest sustainability in Africa”, MPRA Paper No. 35179.
Banerjee, A.V., (1997), “A theory of misgovernance”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112, pp.1289-1332.
Bardhan, P., (1997), “Corruption and development: a review of issues”, Journal of Economic Literature, 35, pp.1020-1046.
Becker, G.S., (1968), “Crime and punishment: an economic approach”, Journal of Political Economy, 76, pp.169-217.
Billger, S. M., & Goel, R. K., (2009),“Do existing corruption levels matter in controlling corruption? Cross-country quantile regression estimates”, Journal of Development Economics, 90, pp.299-305.
Bird, R. M., Martinez-Varquez, J., & Torgler, B., (2006), Societal institutions and tax effort in developing countries. In J. Alm, J. Martinez-Vazquez & M. Rider(Eds.), The Challenges of tax reform in the global economy(pp.283-338). New York: Springer.
Bird, R. M., Martinez-Varquez, J., & Torgler, B., (2008), “Tax effort in developing countries and high income countries : The impact of corruption, voice and accountability”, Economic Analysis and Policy, 38, pp. 55-71.
Bradhan, P., (1997), “Corruption and development: A review of issues”, Journal of Economic Literature, 35, pp.1320-1346.
Chowdhury, S.K., (2004), “The effect of democracy and press freedom on corruption: an empirical test”, Economic Letters, 85, pp.93-101.
Coolidge, J., & Rose-Ackerman, S.,(1997), “High-level rent-seeking and corruption in African regimes”, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 1780.
Dong, B., Dulleck, U., & Torgler, B., (2012), “Conditional Corruption”, Journal of Economic Psychology, Article in Press.
Goel, R.K., & Nelson, M.A.,(2005), “Economic freedom versus political freedom: cross country influences on corruption”, Australian Economic Papers, 44, pp.121-133.
Grossman, G. M., & Helpman, E., (1994), “Protection for sale”, American Economic Review, 84(4), pp.833-850.
Guriev, S., (2004), “Red tape and corruption”, Journal of Development Economics, 73, pp.489–504.
Huntington, S., (1968), Political Order in Changing Societies. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Jain, A. K., (2001), “Corruption: A review”, Journal of Economic Surveys, 15, pp.71-121.
Johnston, M., (1982), Political Corruption and Public Policy in America. Monterey, CA: Brooks-Cole, 1982.
Koenker, R., & Hallock, F.K.,(2001), “Quantile regression”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 15, pp.143-156.
Kpundeh, S. J.,(1998), Political Will in Fighting Corruption. In Corruption and Integrity, Improvement Initiatives in Developing Countries. UNDP, OECD.
Krueger, A. O., (1993a), Political Economy of Policy Reform in Developing Countries, Mass: MIT Press.
Krueger, A. O., (1993b), “Virtuous and vicious cycles in economic development”, American Economic Review, 83(2), pp.351-355.
Kunicova, J., & Rose-Ackerman, S.,(2005), “Electoral rules and constitutional structures as constraints on corruption”, British Journal of Political Science, 35, pp.573-606.
Laffont, J., & Tirole, J., (1993), A Theory of Incentives in Procurement and Regulation, MIT Press.
Lambsdorff, J.G.,(2006), “Causes and consequences of corruption: what do we know from a cross-section of countries? In: Rose-Ackerman, S.(Ed.), International Handbook of the Economics of Corruption. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, pp.3-51.
Leff, N. H., (1964), “Economic Development Through Bureaucratic Corruption”, The American Behavior Scientist, 8(2), pp.8-14.
McAdam, P., & Rummel, O., (2004), “Corruption: a non-parametric analysis”, Journal of Economic Studies, 31, pp.509–523.
Okada, K., & Samreth, S.,(2012), “The effect of foreign aid on corruption: A quantile regression approach”, Economic Letters, 11, pp.240-243.
Rose-Ankerman, S., (1978), Corruption: A study in political economy, New York: Academic Press.
Rose-Ankerman, S., (1997), The political economy of corruption. In K.A. Elliott(Ed.), Corruption and the global economy(pp; 31-60). Washington, D.C: Institute for International Economics.
Rose-Ankerman, S., (1999), Corruption and government: causes, consequence and reform. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Serra, D., (2006), “Empirical determinants of corruption: a sensitivity analysis”, Public Choice, 126, pp.225-256.
Shleifer, A., & Vishny, R.W.,(1993), “Corruption”, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 108(3), pp. 599-617.
Treisman, D., (2000), “The causes of corruption: a cross-national study”, Journal of Public Economics, 76, pp.399-457.
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa(2005), “Measuring and Monitoring Progress towards good governance”, African Governance Report II.
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa(2009), “Governance and the fight against corruption in Africa”, Parliamentary documentation for the first meeting of the Committee on Governance and Popular Participation(9-10 December).
Available Versions of this Item
Fighting corruption in Africa: do existing corruption-control levels matter? (deposited 24. Feb 2012 15:34)
- Fighting corruption in Africa: do existing corruption-control levels matter? (deposited 11. Sep 2012 10:59) [Currently Displayed]