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Performance environnementale et mesure de la productivité

Dubrocard, Anne and Prombo, Michel (2012): Performance environnementale et mesure de la productivité.

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Abstract

The study results presented here are derived from a process whose purpose was the initial deployment and use of the data envelopment analysis techniques and linear programming in R environment to verify the feasibility of transferring tools supporting analyzes conducted after the project Luxklems. The results and their theoretical subtended are presented in brief but show the possibilities and flexibility offered by the R environment to treat optimization problems. The focus is on the evolution of the Malmquist index when considering the undesirable outputs and also seeks to compare the results with and without consideration of environmental performance in in theoretical and empirical exercise covering 15 European countries and the United States. This approach uses for purposes of calculation, the strengths of the R language and some packages dealing with linear programming and directional distance functions. Thus, programs have been developed and adapted to extend the measurement of total factor productivity and its components - technical progress and technical efficiency – to take in account the environmental performance by minimizing infeasibility problems encountered in the usual approaches using Malmquist indices. Indeed, faced with the need to take into account the effects of production on the environment and more generally the urgency to find the path of sustainable development, many attempts have been made to reinforce measures productivity growth including the negative impact of pollution that the production of goods and services generates.

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