Tamura, Robert and Simon, Curtis J. (2012): Secular fertility declines, baby booms and economic growth: international evidence.
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We present a model capable of explaining 200 years of declining fertility, 200 years of rising educational achievement and a significant Baby Boom for the United States and twenty other industrialized market countries. We highlight the importance of secularly declining young adult mortality risk for producing secularly declining fertility and a sudden decline in housing costs after the end of the Second World War, but ending by 1970. In addition we introduce a new puzzle to the profession. Given the magnitude of the Baby Boom, roughly equal to fertility in 1900 for many of these countries, why did schooling of the Baby Boom cohorts not fall to the 1900 level of their predecessors? In fact, not only do they not fall, but their schooling levels are higher than previous cohorts. Using a quantitative model we are able to identify the magnitude of the reduction in costs of education necessary to explain this paradoxical increase in schooling. We find empirical support for these cost reductions.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Secular fertility declines, baby booms and economic growth: international evidence|
|Keywords:||baby booms, schooling costs, mortality|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J10 - General
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O4 - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
|Depositing User:||Robert Tamura|
|Date Deposited:||02. Oct 2012 19:38|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 13:15|
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