Bick, Alexander (2011): The quantitative role of child care for female labor force participation and fertility.
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Consistent with facts for a cross-section of OECD countries, I document that the labor force participation rate of West German mothers with children aged zero to two exceeds the corresponding child care enrollment rate whereas the opposite is true for mothers with children aged three to mandatory school age. I develop a life-cycle model that explicitly accounts for this age-dependent relationship through various types of non-paid and paid child care. The calibrated version of the model is used to evaluate two policy reforms concerning the supply of subsidized child care for children aged zero to two. These counterfactual policy experiments suggest that the lack of subsidized child care constitutes indeed for some females a barrier to participate in the labor market and depresses fertility.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The quantitative role of child care for female labor force participation and fertility|
|Keywords:||Child Care, Fertility, Life-cycle Female Labor Supply|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J13 - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J22 - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
D - Microeconomics > D1 - Household Behavior and Family Economics > D10 - General
|Depositing User:||Alexander Bick|
|Date Deposited:||07. Oct 2012 15:02|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 21:11|
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