Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Export Barriers in Pakistan: Results of a Firm-Level Survey

Amjad, Rashid and Ghani, Ejaz and Din, Musleh ud and Mahmood, Tariq (2012): Export Barriers in Pakistan: Results of a Firm-Level Survey. Published in: The Lahore Journal of Economics , Vol. 17, : pp. 103-134.

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Abstract

This study attempts to evaluate exporters’ perceptions of the problems they face in exploiting their full competitive potential in the international market. Using firm-level survey data, we find that a shortage of skilled labor, the energy crisis, institutional rigidities, market imperfections, and weaknesses in physical infrastructure are the key impediments to achieving export competitiveness. Policies geared toward improving the quality of skilled labor, resolving the energy crisis, and reducing transaction costs by improving the institutional and physical infrastructure are key to expanding Pakistan’s exports on a sustained basis.

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