Hussain, Anwar Hussain and Khattak, Naeem Ur Rehman Khattak and Khan, Abdul Qayyum Khan and Bangash, Shafiqullah Bangash and Nazir, Nila Nazir (2010): An Assessment of the Causes of Drop outs in Primary Schools of Mountainous Areas of District Swat. Published in: Journal of Managerial Sciences , Vol. 4, No. 1 (2010): pp. 45-53.
Download (171Kb) | Preview
The study was conducted in the mountainous areas of district Swat in the year 2010 to assess the causes of drop outs in primary schools of mountainous areas. Primary data was obtained through three different structured questionnaires using a sample of size sixty allocating to fifty government schools of three districts of the research area. The schools and respondents in the hilly area were randomly selected. The findings of the study showed that the major causes of drop outs in the research area were crowded and large schools; uncaring, untrained and irresponsible teachers; usage of passive teaching methods; inappropriate curriculum design; inappropriate evaluation procedure; lack of parents’ involvement; lack of checks and bureaucratic system and long distance and lack of extra co curricular activities. It is recommended that the government authorities should have strict checks on these schools. The presence of the staff, usage of audio visual aids in teaching process and students’ involvement in co-curriculum activities should be ensured.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||An Assessment of the Causes of Drop outs in Primary Schools of Mountainous Areas of District Swat|
|English Title:||An Assessment of the Causes of Drop outs in Primary Schools of Mountainous Areas of District Swat|
|Keywords:||Primary Schools, Education, Swat|
|Subjects:||A - General Economics and Teaching > A2 - Economics Education and Teaching of Economics|
|Depositing User:||ANWAR HUSSAIN|
|Date Deposited:||22. Oct 2012 13:08|
|Last Modified:||19. Feb 2013 17:15|
Bearden, L. J., Spencer, W. A. & Moracco, J. C. (1989). A study of high school dropouts. The School Counselor, 27, 113-120.
Coburn, J. & Nelson, S. (1989). Teachers do make a difference: What Indian graduates say about their school experience. Portland, OR: Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory.
Coladarci, T. (1983). High-school dropouts among Native Americans. Journal of American Indian Education, 23(l), 15-22.
Deyhle, D. (1989). Pushouts and pullouts: Navajo and Ute school leavers. Journal of Navajo Education, 6(2), 36-51.
Government of Pakistan (GOP), 1998. District Census Report 1998. Population Census Organization Statistics Division Islamabad.
Jan, F. A., Nazakat, A. I. and Abdul, Q. (2002). Marketing aspect of higher education. Journal of education & research,5 (1), 1-4.
Platero, P. R., Brandt, E. A., Witherspoon, G. & Wong, P. (1986, December).
Navajo students at risk: Final report for the Navajo Area student dropout study. Window Rock, AZ: Navajo Division of Education, Navajo Tribe.Senate Special Committee on School Performance, Fifteenth Alaska Legislature. (1989). Helping schools succeed at helping all children learn. Fairbanks, AK: Author.
Sherman, R. Z. & Sherman, J. D. (1990, October). Dropout prevention strategies for the 1990s (Draft Copy). Washington, DC: Pelavin Associates, Inc.