Pessoa, Argentino (2012): Regional cluster policy: The Asian model vs. the OECD approach.
Download (152Kb) | Preview
Nowadays, policy makers in charge of designing innovation policies, especially at the regional level, are more and more looking at the cluster approach either with a view to accelerate the existing clusters or for providing the basis for the emergence of new ones. In fact, not only as a consequence of their appeal as an interactive and territorially embedded vision of innovation but also owing to a lot of other reasons, clusters are usually considered as key instruments for promoting competitiveness, industrial development, innovation and growth. But, although cluster policies have a potential for generating benefits, the presence of potential benefits from cluster initiatives is not per se a sufficient foundation or a validation for policymakers to get involved, since clustering is something that has been happening spontaneously during time. The key question is whether and how policymakers can add value through appropriate measures, beyond the outcomes that markets and market players produce on their own. While there is an extensive literature that focuses on the cluster analysis, the connection between clusters and policy has been mainly ignored. This paper tries to shed light on this issue, highlighting the key features of both the cluster concept and policy. It also aims at contributing to diminish the existing gap between theory and policy comparing two broad models of cluster policy: the Asian and the OECD approach.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Regional cluster policy: The Asian model vs. the OECD approach|
|English Title:||Regional cluster policy: The Asian model vs. the OECD approach|
|Keywords:||agglomeration; clusters; cluster policy; innovation; competitiveness; externalities; regional economic development|
|Subjects:||R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R5 - Regional Government Analysis > R58 - Regional Development Planning and Policy
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics
L - Industrial Organization > L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior > L26 - Entrepreneurship
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R11 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
|Depositing User:||Argentino Pessoa|
|Date Deposited:||18. Oct 2012 08:47|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 10:22|
Arrow KJ (1962) The economic implications of learning by doing. Review of Economic Studies 29: 155–173.
Asheim, B.T. and A. Isaksen (1997), “Location, Agglomeration, and Innovation: Towards Regional Innovation Systems in Norway?”, European Planning Studies, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 299-330.
Baptista, Rui and Peter Swann (1998). Do firms in clusters innovate more?, Research Policy 27, pp. 525–540.
Beaudry C, Schiffauerova A (2009) Who’s right, Marshall or Jacobs? The localization versus urbanization debate. Research Policy 38: 318–337.
Benneworth, P., Danson, M., Raines, P. and Whittam, G. (2003) Confusing clusters: making sense of the cluster approach in theory and practice, European Planning Studies, 11(5), pp. 511–520.
Bergman, E.M. and E.J. Feser (1999), “Industry clusters: a methodology and framework for regional development policy in the United States”, chapter 11 in OECD (1999) Boosting Innovation: The Cluster Approach OECD Publications Service, Paris, France.
Boekholt, Patries and Ben Thuriaux (1999), “Public Policies To Facilitate Clusters: Background, Rationale and Policy Practices in International Perspective”, chapter 16 in OECD (1999) Boosting Innovation: The Cluster Approach OECD Publications Service, Paris, France.
Boschma, R. (2005). “Proximity and Innovation: A Critical Assessment”, Regional Studies 39(1) pp. 61-74.
Brachert, Matthias, Mirko Titze and Alexander Kubis (2011), Identifying industrial clusters from a multidimensional perspective: Methodical aspects with an application to Germany, Papers in Regional Science, Volume 90 Number 2, pp. 419-40.
Braun, E., MacDonald, S. (1978) Revolution in Miniature: The history and impact of semiconductor electronics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brenner Thomas and Charlotte Schlump (2011): Policy Measures and their Effects in the Different Phases of the Cluster Life Cycle, Regional Studies, 45:10, 1363-1386.
Buerger, Matthias and Uwe Cantner (2011). The regional dimension of sectoral innovativeness: An empirical investigation of two specialized suppliers and two science-based industries, Papers in Regional Science, Volume 90 Number 2 June 2011, pp. 373-394.
Ceglie, Giovanna, Michele Clara and Marco Dini (1999), “Cluster and network development projects in developing countries: lessons learned through the UNIDO experience” chapter 11 in OECD (1999) Boosting Innovation: The Cluster Approach OECD Publications Service, Paris, France.
Coe, David, and Elhanan Helpman (1995), "International R&D Spillovers." European Economic Review, Vol. 39(5), pp. 859-87.
Coe, David, Elhanan Helpman and Alexander Hoffmaister (1997), "North-South R&D Spillovers", Economic Journal, Vol. 107, pp. 134-49.
Ciccone, A. and R. E. Hall, 1996. Productivity and the Density of Economic Activity. American Economic Review, 86 (1): 54-70.
Ciccone, A. 2002. Agglomeration Effects in Europe, European Economic Review, 46: 213-227.
Cooke P (2001) Clusters as key determinants of economic growth: The example of biotechnology. In: Mariussen A (ed) Cluster policies – cluster development? Nordregio Report 2001/2, Stockholm.
DAVID, P. A. and J. L. ROSENBLOOM (1990), Marshallian factor market externalities and the dynamics of industrial location. Journal of Urban Economics 28, pp. 349–370.
de Groot, H. L. F., Poot, J. & Smit, M. J. (2008). Agglomeration externalities, innovation and regional growth: Theoretical perspectives and meta-analysis. (Department of Economics Working Paper Series, Number 1/08). Hamilton, New Zealand: University of Waikato.
Duranton, Gilles and Diego Puga, 2001. "Nursery Cities: Urban Diversity, Process Innovation, and the Life Cycle of Products," American Economic Review, vol. 91(5), pages 1454-1477.
Edquist, C. and B. Johnson (1997). ‘Institutions and organisations in systems of innovation’, in C. Edquist (ed.) Systems of Innovation: Technologies, Institutions and Organizations. London and Washington: Pinter/Cassell Academic.
Enright M (1996) Regional clusters and economic development: A research agenda. In: Staber U, Schaefer N V, Sharma B (eds) Business networks: Prospects for regional development. De Gruyter, New York.
Feldman, M. (2000) Location and Innovation: the new economic Geography of innovation, spillovers, and agglomeration. In GL Clark, M. Feldman, and M. Gertler (eds.). Oxford Handbook of Economic Geography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 373-394.
Feldman, M, and Audretsch DB. 1999. Innovation in cities: science-based diversity, specialization and localized competition. European Economic Review 43(2): 409–429.
Florida, R. (2002) Bohemia and Economic Geography, Journal of Economic Geography 2: 55-71.
Frenken, K., FG Van Oort, and T. Verburg (2007). Related variety, unrelated variety and regional economic growth, Regional Studies 41(5): 685-697.
Gertler M (2003) Tacit knowledge and the economic geography of context, or the undefinable tacitness of being (there). Journal of economic geography 3(1): 75-99.
Glaeser, E. L. and J. D. Gottlieb, 2009. The Wealth of Cities: Agglomeration Economies and Spatial Equilibrium in the United States. Journal of Economic Literature, 47: 983-1028.
Glaeser Edward L, and David Maré. 2001. Cities and Skills. Journal of Labor Economics. April;Vol. 19(No 2):316–342.
Glaeser, Edward L., Hedi D. Kallal, Jose A. Scheinkman and Andrei Shleifer, 1992. "Growth in Cities," Journal of Political Economy, vol. 100(6), pages 1126-52.
Grabher, G. (1993) The weakness of strong ties: the ‘lock-in’ of regional development in the Ruhr area. In G. Grabher (ed.) The Embedded Firm: On the Socio-economics of Industrial Networks, pp. 255–277. London: Routledge.
Henning, M., J. Moodysson & M. Nilsson. 2010. Innovation and regional transformation: from clusters to new combinations. Malmö: Region Skåne.
Huang, Z., X. Zhang, and Y. Zhu. 2008. The role of clustering in rural industrialization: A case study of Wenzhou’s footwear industry. China Economic Review 19: 409–420.
Isaksen A (1997) Regional clusters and competitiveness: The Norwegian case. European Planning Studies 5: 65–76.
Jaffe, A., Trajtenberg, M., Henderson, R., 1993. Geographic localization of knowledge spillovers as evidenced by patent citations. Quarterly Journal of Economics 108 (3), 577–598.
Jacobs, J., 1969. The Economy of Cities, Penguin, London.
Jacobs, J., 1984. Cities and the Wealth of Nations: Principles of Economic Life, Vintage, New York.
Keeble, D., Wilkinson, F. (Eds.), 2000. High-Technology Clusters, Networking and Collective Learning in Europe. Ashgate, Aldershot.
Ketelhöhn, Niels W. (2006) The role of clusters as sources of dynamic externalities in the US semiconductor industry, Journal of Economic Geography, 6 (5): 679-699.
Krugman, P. 1991. Geography and trade. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Leslie, S. W. (2000) The biggest “Angel” of them all: the military and the making of Silicon Valley. In M. Kenney (ed.) Understanding Silicon Valley: The Anatomy of an Entrepreneurial Region. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 48–67.
Lorenzen, Mark (2001): Localized Learning and Policy: Academic Advice on Enhancing Regional Competitiveness through Learning, European Planning Studies, 9(2): 163-185.
Macher, J. T., Mowery, D. C., Hodges, D. A. (1998) Reversal of fortune? The recovery of the US semiconductor industry. California Management Review, 41: 107–136.
Malmberg, A., Maskell, P., 2002. The elusive concept of localization economies: towards a knowledge-based theory of spatial clustering. Environment and Planning A 34 (3), 429–449.
Malmberg, Anders and Maskell, Peter, 2006, “Localized Learning Revisited.” Growth and Change 37(1): 1-18.
Markusen, Ann (1996), “Sticky Places in Sloppery Space: A Typology of Industrial Districts”, Economic Geography, vol. 72(3), 293-313.
Maskell P. and A Malmberg (1999) Localised learning and industrial competitiveness, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 23 (2), 167-185.
Maskell, P., Eskelinen, H., Hannibalsson, I., Malmberg, A. and Vatne, E. (1998) Competitiveness, localised learning and regional development. Specialisation and prosperity in small open economies, London: Routledge.
Marshall, A. 1920. Principles of Economics (8th ed.) London: Macmillan. (Original work published 1890).
Martin, R. & Sunley, P. (2003). “Deconstructing Clusters: Chaotic Concept or Policy Panacea?” Journal of Economic Geography, 3 (1), pp. 5-35.
Morgan, Kevin (2004). “The exaggerated death of geography: learning, proximity and territorial innovation systems” Journal of Economic Geography, 4, pp. 3-21.
Morris, P. R. (1990) A History of the World’s Semiconductor Industry. London: Peter Peregrinus Ltd.
Neffke, Frank, Martin Svensson Henning, and Ron Boschma, 2008. "Surviving in agglomerations: Plant evolution and the changing benefits of the local environment," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 0820, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography.
Neffke F, Henning M, Boschma R, Lundquist K-J, Olander L-O (2011) The dynamics of agglomeration externalities along the life cycle of industries. Regional Studies 45: 49–65.
Nelson, R. and E. Phelps (1966), "Investment in Humans, Technological Diffusion, and Economic Growth", American Economic Review, Vol. 61, pp. 69-75.
Nilsson, Magnus. 2008. A Tale of Two Clusters: Sharing Resources to Compete. Department of Business Administration. Lund, Lund University. PhD: 349.
OECD (1999), Boosting Innovation: The Cluster Approach, OECD Publications Service, Paris, France.
Peneder, Michael (1999), “Creating a coherent design for cluster analysis and related policies: the Austrian “tip” experience”, chapter 14 in OECD (1999) Boosting Innovation: The Cluster Approach OECD Publications Service, Paris, France.
Perry, Martin (2010a). Controversies in Local Economic Development: Stories, Strategies, Solutions. Abingdon: Routledge.
Perry, Martin (2010b). “Controversies in Local Economic Development”. Local Economy, 25(7): 527-534.
Pessoa, Argentino 2004. "Institutional innovations, growth performance and policy," ERSA conference papers ersa04p157, European Regional Science Association.
Pessoa, Argentino. 2011. "Externalities, clusters and economic growth: The Cluster Policy Paradox," ERSA conference papers ersa11p896, European Regional Science Association.
Polanyi, M. 1967. The Tacit Dimension. London, Routledge. Porter, M. 1990. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York, United States: Free Press.
Porter, M. 1998. “Clusters versus Industrial Policy.” In: M. Porter, editor. On Competition. Cambridge, United States: Harvard Business School Press.
Porter, M. (2000) Location, competition and economic development: local clusters in the global economy, Economic Development Quarterly 14, 15-31.
Potter, Antony and H. Doug Watts (2011). Evolutionary agglomeration theory: increasing returns, diminishing returns, and the industry life cycle, Journal of Economic Geography, 11(3): 417-455.
Putnam, R.D. (1993). Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton: Princeton Press.
Raines, P (2002) ‘Cluster policy – does it exist?’ in Raines, P (ed.) Cluster Development and Policy, Aldershot: Ashgate, 21-33.
Rodríguez-Clare, Andrés (2007) Clusters and comparative advantage: Implications for industrial policy, Journal of Development Economics, Volume 82, Issue 1, January 2007, Pages 43-57.
Rodrik, Dani (2003), “Growth Strategies”, NBER Working Paper 10050, National Bureau of Economic Research.
Roelandt, Theo J.A. and Pim den Hertog (1999), Cluster Analysis and Cluster-Based Policy Making: The State of The Art, chapter 17 in OECD (1999) Boosting Innovation: The Cluster Approach OECD Publications Service, Paris, France.
Romer PM (1986) Increasing returns and long-run growth. The Journal of Political Economy 94: 1002–1037.
Rosenfeld, Stuart (2005) Industry Clusters: Business Choice, Policy Outcome, or Branding Strategy? Journal of New Business Ideas and Trends, 3(2), pp. 4-13.
Rosenthal, S. S. and W. C. Strange (2003), "Geography, Industrial Organization, and Agglomeration," Review of Economics and Statistics 85 (2), 377-393.
Rosenthal, S.S., and W.C. Strange. 2004. “Evidence on the Nature and Sources of Agglomeration Economies.” in J.V. Henderson, J.F. Thisse (eds) Handbook of Urban and Regional Economics. Volume 4. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier Science Publishers, pp. 2119-2171.
Ruan, J. and X. Zhang. 2009. Finance and cluster-based industrial development in China. Economic Development and Cultural Change: 58:143–164, October 2009.
Saxenian, A. (1994) Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Scherer, F.M. 1982. "Demand-Pull and Technological Innovation: Schmookler Revisited," Journal of Industrial Economics 30(3): 225-238.
Schmitz, H. 1995. Collective efficiency: Growth path for small-scale industry. Journal of Development Studies 31 (4): 529–566.
SFIDB (2011), Shanghai Foreign Investment Development Board (2011), Investment Policies. Invest Shanghai, Shanghai Foreign Economic Relation & Trade Commission.
Smith, T. W. (2000), Semiconductors. Standard & Poor’s Industry Surveys, New York.
Sonobe, T., and K. Otsuka. 2006. Cluster-based industrial development: An East Asia model. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
Spencer G, Vinodrai T, Gertler M, Wolfe D (2009) Do clusters make a difference? Defining and assessing their economic performance. Regional Studies 34: 1-19.
Steiner, M. (Ed.) (1998) Clusters and Regional Specialisation: On Geography, Technology, and Networks. London: Pion.
Storper, M. (2009) The economics of context, location and trade: another great transformation?. In G. Becattini, M. Bellandi, L. De Propris (eds) The Handbook of Industrial Districts, pp 141–157. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Tödtling, Franz, Patrick Lehner, and Alexander Kaufmann (2009) Do different types of innovation rely on specific kinds of knowledge interactions? Technovation 29, 59–71.
Walenza-Slabe, Erik (2012), Emerging Chinese Innovation Ecosystems: Implications of China’s improving innovation competitiveness for companies and professionals, Applied Value Group (Shanghai).
Williamson, John (1990), "What Washington Means by Policy Reform", in J. Williamson, ed., Latin American Adjustment: How Much Has Happened? Washington: Institute for International Economics.
Woodward D. and Guimaraes P. (2009). “Porter’s Cluster Strategy and Industrial Targeting” in Targeting Regional Economic Development edited by Stephan J. Goetz, Steven Deller and Tom Harris. Routledge, pp. 68-83.