Masood, Sarwar and Muhammad, Waqas and Amir, Aslam (2012): Multidimensional Measurement of Poverty in Pakistan: Provincial Analysis.
Download (347Kb) | Preview
This paper has estimated multidimensional poverty for four provinces of Pakistan using PSLM dataset for years 2005-06 by applying Alkire and Foster (2007) methodology. Nine dimensions were selected for this study: Housing, Electricity, Water, Asset, Sanitation, Education, Expenditure, Empowerment and Land. Results found that overall Balochistan shows the worst picture, followed by NWFP, Sindh and Punjab. In urban areas of different provinces Balochistan is more multidimensionally poor followed by NWFP, Sindh and Punjab. As far as the rural area is concerned Balochistan is multidimensionally poor followed by Sindh, NWFP and then Punjab. Result shows that the most pervasive level of poverty exists in rural areas of different provinces. The analysis of contribution of each dimension in multidimensional poverty at different cutoffs showed that the major contributors are, land, empowerment, housing, assets and sanitation. This study also presents an empirical evidence of significant lack of overlap in the identification by the monetary and multidimensional approach in case of Pakistan.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Multidimensional Measurement of Poverty in Pakistan: Provincial Analysis|
|Keywords:||Pakistan, Multidimensional Poverty, Provincial Analysis|
|Subjects:||P - Economic Systems > P3 - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions > P36 - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
|Depositing User:||Muhammad Waqas|
|Date Deposited:||22. Oct 2012 13:14|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 15:49|
Ali, S. S., and S. Tahir, “Dynamics of Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Pakistan,” Pakistan Development Review, 38, 837–858, 1999.
Alkire, S. and J. Foster, “Counting and Multidimensional Poverty Measures”, OPHI working paper series, (7), 2007. Appleton, S. and Song, L. 1999. Income and Human Development at the Household Level: Evidence from Six Countries.
Arif, G. M. “Poverty Dynamics in Pakistan: Evidence from the Two Panel Household Survey,” In Pakistan Human Condition Report 2003. Islamabad: CRPRID, 2003.
Atkinson, A. B. and F. Bourguignon, “The comparison of multi-dimensional distribution of economic status,” The Review of Economic Studies, 49, 183-201, 1982.
Awan, M.S., Waqas, M., & Aslam, M.A. (2011) Multidimensional Poverty in Pakistan: Case of Punjab. Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies; Vol. 2, No. 8, 133-144.
Betti G., Cheli B., Lemmi A., & Verma V, “The Fuzzy Approach to Multidimensional Poverty: the Case of Italy in the 1990s, in Kakwani N. and Silber J. (eds.), Quantitative Approaches to Multidimensional Poverty Measurement,” New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 30-48,2007.
Bourguignon, F., and R. Chakravarty, “The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty”, Journal of Economic Inequality, 1, 25-49, 2003.
Cerioli, A., and S. Zani, “A Fuzzy Approach to Measurement of Poverty”, in C. Dagum and M.Zenga (eds), Income and wealth distribution, inequality and poverty: studies in contemporary economics. Berlin: Springer Verlag, 272-284, 1999.
Cheli, B., and A. Lemmi, “A Totally Fuzzy and Relative Approach to the Multidimensional Analysis of Poverty”, Economic Notes, 24, 115-34, 1995.
Calvo, C. and Dercon, S. 2005. Measuring Individual Vulnerability. University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
Diaz, G. 2003. “Multidimensional Poverty”. The Wider Conference on Inequality, Poverty and Human Well-Being. Helsinki.
Deutsch, J. and J. Silber, “Measuring Multidimensional Poverty: An Empirical Comparison of Various Approaches,” The Review of Income and Wealth, 51, 145-174, 2005.
Emma, M. and K. Ura, “Multidimensional Poverty in Bhutan; Estimates and Policy Implications,” OPHI working paper series, 14, 2008.
Federal Bureau of Statistics (FBS). Pakistan Social and Living standard Measurement Survey 2005-06 Islamabad: Government of Pakistan, 2006.
Gazdar, H. “Labour Market and Poverty in Pakistan: Institutional Arrangements and Policy”. In Proceedings of the Seminar on Employment-based Poverty Reduction Strategy for Decent Work. Islamabad: PIDE/ILO/UNDP, 2004.
Government of Pakistan, “Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper II”, 2008. Available: http://www.finance.gov.pk
Hussain, A. “Pakistan National Human Development Report 2003: Poverty, Growth and Governance,” UNDP/Oxford University Press, Karachi, 2003.
Jamal, H., A. J. Khan, I. A. Toor, and N. Anwar, “Mapping the Spatial Deprivation of Pakistan,” Pakistan Development Review, 42, 91–112, 2003.
Klasen, S. “Measuring poverty and deprivation in South Africa,” Review of Income and Wealth, 46(1), 33–58, 2000.
Luis, A. and A. Jurado, & J. Pérez-Mayo, “Income Poverty and Multidimensional Deprivation: Lessons from Cross-Regional Analysis,” Review of Income and Wealth, 57(1), 40-60, 2011.
Maasoumi, E. and M. A. Lugo, “The information basis of multivariate poverty assessments,” in (N. Kakwani and J. Silber, eds.) The Many Dimensions of Poverty, Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007.
Malik, S. J., “Agricultural Growth and Rural Poverty: A Review of the Evidence,” Asian Development Bank, Pakistan Resident Mission, Islamabad, Working Paper No. 2, 2005.
Ruggeri-Laderchi, Caterina, R. Saith, and F. Stewart, “Does It Matter That We Do Not Agree on the Definition of Poverty? A Comparison of Four Approaches,” Oxford Development Studies, 31, 243-74, 2003.
Sen, A. K., “Poverty: An ordinal Approach to Measurement”, Econometrica, 44, 219-231, 1976.
--- --, Development as freedom, 1st edition, New York: Knopf Press, 1999.
Sahn, D. E. and Stifel, D. 2003. “Exploring Alternative Measures of Welfare in the Absence of Expenditure Data”. Review of Income and Wealth, 49, 463-489.
Summers, R. and A. Heston, "A New Set of International Comparisons of Real Product and Prices: Estimates for 130 Countries, 1950 - 85," Review of Income and Wealth, 34, 1 - 26, 1988.
Thon, D. “On Measuring Poverty,” Review of Income and Wealth, 25, 429-440, 1979.
Tsui, K., “Multidimensional Inequality and Multidimensional Generalized Entropy Measures: An Axiomatic Approach,” Social Choice & Welfare, 16, 145-158, 1999.
Thorbecke, E. 2005. Multidimensional Poverty: Conceptual and Measurement Issues.
Van den Bosch, K. "Poverty and Assets in Belgium," Review of Income and Wealth, 44(2), 215-228, 1998.
Wolff, E. N. “Wealth Holdings and Poverty Status in the US,” Review of Income and Wealth, 36 (2), 143-165, 1990.
-----, “Multidimensional poverty indices,” Social Choice & Welfare, 19, 69-93, 2002.
Zadeh, L.A., “Fuzzy Sets,” Information and Control, 8, 338-53, 1965.