Parodi, Giuliana and Sciulli, Dario (2012): Disability and Social Exclusion Dynamics in Italian Households.
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This paper investigates the dynamics of social exclusion comparing Italian households with and without disabled people, adopting the EU definition of social exclusion and the social model approach to the disability. The analysis applies a dynamic probit model accounting for true state dependence, unobserved heterogeneity and endogenous initial conditions to the 2004-2007 IT-SILC data. Our findings indicate that the incidence of social exclusion for households with disable people is about double with respect to other households, and this disadvantage is especially due to exclusion in the work intensity and material deprivation dimensions. This suggests that analysis based just on income perspective could be insufficient to provide a proper picture of reality. Second, households with disabled people are more likely to persist in social exclusion than other households. Third, persistence in social exclusion for households with disabled people is more likely to be explained by unobserved (and observed) heterogeneity, than by true state dependence. Fourth, households with disabled members experience a stronger severity of social exclusion, explained more in terms of structural factors than in terms of state dependence. Our findings suggest that households with disabled people could benefit more than other households from long-term policies aimed at removing structural factors determining a social exclusion history. The severity of social exclusion, that is stronger for households with disabled members, conforms to the same pattern.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Disability and Social Exclusion Dynamics in Italian Households|
|Keywords:||social exclusion, persistence, disability, dynamic probit model, initial conditions|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J14 - Economics of the Elderly ; Economics of the Handicapped ; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Single Equation Models ; Single Variables > C23 - Panel Data Models ; Spatio-temporal Models
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
|Depositing User:||Dario Sciulli|
|Date Deposited:||06. Nov 2012 11:17|
|Last Modified:||23. Apr 2015 13:45|
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