Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Estimating the Federal Direct Tax Buoyancy for Pakistan in Post-1973 Era

Shaikh, Salman (2012): Estimating the Federal Direct Tax Buoyancy for Pakistan in Post-1973 Era. Published in: Global Management Journal for Academic & Corporate Studies (GMJACS) , Vol. 2, No. 1 (31. December 2012)

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Abstract

This study used the simple co-integration technique to estimate the direct tax buoyancy for Pakistan economy for the 36 year period starting from FY-1974 to FY-2009. The buoyancy estimated was more than unity which represents slight improvement over previous estimates in past studies. The study attributes the improvement to factors such as expansion of tax base, diversification and deepening of manufacturing sector and structural change in the economy with the size of agriculture sector output shrinking as proportion of GDP and the proportion of direct tax increasing in proportion to total taxes gradually. The study recommends certain policy recommendations which include increase in tax base, reduction in tax rates, reducing tax evasion opportunities by taxing all sources of income and by increasing documentation through compulsory show of tax identity in making most material transactions.

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