Motz, Nicolas (2012): Who emerges from smoke-filled rooms? Political parties and candidate selection.
Download (558Kb) | Preview
This paper presents a model of candidate selection through political parties where politicians differ in terms of their quality and their favored policies. The central assumption is that political parties are better informed about their potential candidates than voters are. In addition, parties pursue political goals that differ from the interest of the median voter. Questions of interest include whether voters can gain information about candidates by observing the parties choice and to what extent parties select the candidates preferred by the median voter. The results depend crucially on how competitive the race is. Under strong competition, nominating a politically more extreme politician is a signal of high quality. Sufficient competition also induces parties to act in the interest of the median voter most of the time. Nevertheless, in most cases the median voter would be better off if parties shared his political preferences.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Who emerges from smoke-filled rooms? Political parties and candidate selection|
|Keywords:||Political parties; electoral competition; valence; candidate selection; primaries|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making > D72 - Political Processes: Rent-Seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior|
|Depositing User:||Nicolas Motz|
|Date Deposited:||18. Nov 2012 13:56|
|Last Modified:||19. Feb 2013 11:27|
Adams, J. & Merrill, Samuel, I. (2008), `Candidate and party strategies in two-stage elections beginning with a primary', American Journal of Political Science 52(2), 344-359.
Banks, J. S. & Sobel, J. (1987), `Equilibrium selection in signaling games', Econometrica 55(3), 647-61.
Cadigan, J. & Janeba, E. (2002), `A citizen-candidate model with sequential elections', Journal of Theoretical Politics 14(4), 387-407.
Caillaud, B. & Tirole, J. (2002), `Parties as political intermediaries', Quarterly Journal of Economics 117(4), 1453-1489.
Crutzen, B. S. Y., Castanheira, M. & Sahuguet, N. (2010), `Party organization and electoral competition', Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 26(2), 212-242.
Gouret, F., Hollard, G. & Rossignol, S. (2011), `An empirical analysis of valence in electoral competition', Social Choice and Welfare 37(2), 309-340.
Jackson, M. O., Mathevet, L. & Mattes, K. (2007), `Nomination processes and policy outcomes', Quarterly Journal of Political Science 2(1), 67-92.
Mattozzi, A. & Merlo, A. (2007), `The transparency of politics and the quality of politicians', American Economic Review 97(2), 311-315.
Mattozzi, A. & Merlo, A. (2010), Mediocracy, PIER Working Paper Archive 11-002, Penn Institute for Economic Research.
Serra, G. (2011), `Why primaries? The party's tradeoff between policy and valence', Journal of Theoretical Politics 23(1), 21-51.
Snyder, J. & Ting, M. (2002), `An informational rationale for political parties', American Journal of Political Science 46(1), 90-110.
Snyder, J. & Ting, M. (2011), `Electoral selection with parties and primaries', American Journal of Political Science 55(4), 781-795.