Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Territorial approaches for rural development in Latin America: a case study in Chile

Pisani, Elena and Franceschetti, Giorgio (2011): Territorial approaches for rural development in Latin America: a case study in Chile. Published in: REVISTA DE LA FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS AGRARIAS. UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE CUYO , Vol. 1, No. 43 (2011): pp. 201-218.

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Abstract

A recent transition in the field of agrarian economics theory for rural development is the move from a narrow agricultural sector approach, to one which adopts broader territorial vision. This passage seeks to interpret interactions between urban and rural worlds in a more comprehensive manner.This relatively new theoretical perspective is of particular interest to academics and politicians in Latin American countries where, since the mid 1990s, the concept of new rurality has been seen as the source of a new approach to rural development. Therefore the theoretical purpose of this research is to clarify the analytical signposts of the new rurality theme in Latin America and to identify the differences between sectoral and territorial approaches considering the socio-economic, institutional and environmental aspects involved. The transition from sectoral to territorial approaches also means, from an operative point of view, the recognition of homogeneous areas for the suggestion of rural development strategies. The operative purpose of this research consists in proposing a methodology to identify these areas with an application in the Maule Region in Chile. The conclusion underlines some critical elements that should be considered in the definition of territorial rural development strategies.

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