Fenske, James (2012): African polygamy: Past and present.
This is the latest version of this item.
Download (810Kb) | Preview
Motivated by a simple model, I use DHS data to test nine hypotheses about the prevalence and decline of African polygamy. First, greater female involvement in agriculture does not increase polygamy. Second, past inequality better predicts polygamy today than does current inequality. Third, the slave trade only predicts polygamy across broad regions. Fourth, modern female education does not reduce polygamy. Colonial schooling does. Fifth, economic growth has eroded polygamy. Sixth and seventh, rainfall shocks and war increase polygamy, though their effects are small. Eighth, polygamy varies smoothly over borders, national bans notwithstanding. Finally, falling child mortality has reduced polygamy.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||African polygamy: Past and present|
|Keywords:||Africa, polygamy, ethnic institutions|
|Subjects:||N - Economic History > N5 - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment, and Extractive Industries > N57 - Africa; Oceania
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O10 - General
|Depositing User:||James Fenske|
|Date Deposited:||30. Nov 2012 13:14|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 02:37|
Acemoglu,D., Johnson, S., and Robinson, J. (2001). The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation. American Economic Review, 91(5):1369–1401.
Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., and Robinson, J. (2002). Reversal of fortune: Geography and institutions in the making of the modern world income distribution. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 117(4):1231–1294.
Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., and Robinson, J. (2005). The Rise of Europe: Atlantic Trade, Institutional Change, and Economic Growth. The American Economic Review, 95(3):546–579.
Adewuya, A.,Ola, B., Aloba,O.,Dada, A., and Fasoto,O. (2007). Prevalence and correlates of depression in late pregnancy among Nigerian women. Depression and anxiety, 24(1):15–21.
Adshade, M. and Kaiser, B. (2008). The origins of the institutions of marriage. Working paper.
Aguero, J. and Bharadwaj, P. (2011). Do the more educated know more about health? Evidence from schooling and HIV knowledge in Zimbabwe. Working paper.
Aguero, J. and Ramachandran, M. (2010). The intergenerational effects of increasing parental schooling: Evidence from Zimbabwe. Working paper. Alesina, A. and Giuliano, P. (2010). The power of the family. Journal of Economic Growth, 15(2):93–125.
Alesina, A., Giuliano, P., and Nunn, N. (2011). On the origins of gender roles: Women and the plough. NBERWorking Paper No. w17098.
Alesina, A., Michalopoulos, S., and Papaioannou, E. (2012). Ethnic inequality. Working Paper.
Ambrus, A., Field, E., and Torero, M. (2010). Muslim family law, prenuptial agreements, and the emergence of dowry in bangladesh. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 125(3):1349–1397.
Annan, J. and Blattman, C. (2010). The consequences of child soldiering. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 92(4):882–898.
Arunachalam, R. andNaidu, S. (2010). The price of fertility: marriage markets and family planning in Bangladesh. Working Paper.
Baker, M., Brunnschweiler, C., and Bulte, E. (2008). Did history breed inequality? Colonial factor endowments and modern income distribution. CER-ETH Economics working paper series.
Barofsky, J., Chase, C., Anekwe, T., and Farzadfar, F. (2011). The economic effects of malaria eradication: Evidence from an intervention in Uganda. Working paper.
Becker, G. (1974). A theory of marriage: Part II. Marriage, Family, Human Capital, and Fertility. Edited by Schultz, TheodoreW.
Berger, D. (2009). Taxes, institutions and local governance: evidence from a natural experiment in colonial Nigeria.Manuscript,Department of Politics,NewYorkUniversity.
Bergstrom, T. (1994). On the economics of polygyny. University ofMichigan.
Bhalotra, S. and Cochrane, T. (2010). Where have all the young girls gone? Identification of sex selection in India. Working Paper.
Bharadwaj, P. and Nelson, L. (2012). Discrimination begins in the womb: Evidence of sex-selective prenatal investments. Forthcoming in the Journal of Human Resources.
Blattman, C. andMiguel, E. (2010). Civil war. Journal of Economic Literature, 48(1):3–57.
Boserup, E. (1970). Woman’s role in economic development. Martin’s Press, New York.
Brahmbhatt, H., Bishai, D., Wabwire-Mangen, F., Kigozi, G., Wawer, M., and Gray, R. (2002). Polygyny, maternal HIV status and child survival: Rakai, Uganda. Social Science &Medicine, 55(4):585–592.
Bubb, R. (2009). States, law, and property rights in West Africa. Working Paper. Carranza, E. (2012). Soil endowments, production technologies and missing women in India. Working Paper.
Chanock, M. (1985). Law, custom, and social order: The colonial experience in Malawi and Zambia. Cambridge University Press.
Cogneau, D., Mespl´e-Somps, S., and Spielvogel, G. (2010). Development at the border: A study of national integration in post-colonial West Africa. Working Paper.
Cogneau, D. and Moradi, A. (2011). Borders that divide: Education, religion and nutritional status in Ghana and its neighbors since colonial times. Working Paper.
Dalton, J. and Leung, T. (2011). Why is polygyny more prevalent in Western Africa? An African slave trade perspective. Working paper.
Dodoo, F. (1998). Marriage type and reproductive decisions: A comparative study in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal ofMarriage and the Family, pages 232–242.
Dutt, P. and Mitra, D. (2008). Inequality and the instability of polity and policy. The Economic Journal, 118(531):1285–1314.
Easterly, W. (2007). Inequality does cause underdevelopment: Insights from a new instrument. Journal of Development Economics, 84(2):755–776.
Edlund, L. and Ku, H. (2011). The Slave Trade and Polygyny in Africa. Working Paper.
Engerman, S. L. and Sokoloff, K. L. (1997). Factor endowments, institutions, and differential paths of growth among new world economies, pages 260–304. How Latin America Fell Behind. Essays on the Economic Histories of Brazil andMexico, 1800-1914. Stanford University Press.
Fenske, J. (2012). Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa. Working Paper.
Field, E. and Ambrus, A. (2008). Early marriage, age of menarche, and female schooling attainment in Bangladesh. Journal of Political Economy, 116(5):881–930.
Friedman,W., Kremer, M.,Miguel, E., and Thornton, R. (2011). Education as liberation? National Bureau of Economic ResearchWorking Paper No. 16939.
Galor, O.,Moav, O., and Vollrath, D. (2009). Inequality in landownership, the emergence of human-capital promoting institutions, and the great divergence. Review of Economic Studies, 76(1):143–179.
Galor, O. and Weil, D. (2000). Population, technology, and growth: From Malthusian stagnation to the demographic transition and beyond. The American Economic Review, 90(4):806–828.
Gennaioli, N. and Rainer, I. (2007). The modern impact of precolonial centralization in Africa. Journal of Economic Growth, 12(3):185–234.
Glennerster, R.,Miguel, E., and Rothenberg, A. (2010). Collective action in diverse sierra leone communities.
Goldstein, M. and Udry, C. (2008). The profits of power: Land rights and agricultural investment in Ghana. The Journal of Political Economy, 116(6):981–1022.
Gould, E., Moav, O., and Simhon, A. (2008). The mystery of monogamy. The American Economic Review, 98(1):333–357.
Goyal, A.,Deininger, K., andNagarajan, H. (2010). Inheritance Law ReformandWomens Access to Capital? Evidence from Indias Hindu Succession Act. Working Paper.
Guyer, J. (1993). Wealth in people and self-realization in Equatorial Africa. Man, 28(2):243–265.
Huillery, E. (2009). History matters: The long-term impact of colonial public investments in French West Africa. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 1(2):176–215.
Iliffe, J. (1995). Africans: the history of a continent. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Jacoby, H. (1995). The economics of polygyny in Sub-Saharan Africa: Female productivity and the demand for wives in Cote d’Ivoire. Journal of Political Economy, 103(5):938–971.
Lagerlof, N. (2010). Pacifying monogamy. Journal of Economic Growth, 15(3):1–28.
Michalopoulos, S., Naghavi, A., and Prarolo, G. (2010). Trade and geography in the economic origins of Islam: theory and evidence. Working paper.
Michalopoulos, S. and Papaioannou, E. (2012). Pre-colonial Ethnic Institutions and Contemporary African Development. Forthcoming in Econometrica.
Miguel, E. and Gugerty, M. (2005). Ethnic diversity, social sanctions, and public goods in Kenya. Journal of Public Economics, 89(11):2325–2368.
Miguel, E., Satyanath, S., and Sergenti, E. (2004). Economic shocks and civil conflict: An instrumental variables approach. Journal of Political Economy, 112(4):725–753.
Milazzo, A. (2012). Son Preference, Fertility, and Family Structure. Evidence from Reproductive Behavior among NigerianWomen. Working Paper, Bocconi University.
Mocan, N. and Cannonier, C. (2012). Empowering Women Through Education: Evidence from Sierra Leone. NBERWorking Paper No. 18016.
Murdock, G. (1967). Ethnographic Atlas: A summary. Ethnology, 6(2):109–236.
Nunn, N. (2005). A model explaining simultaneous payments of a dowry and brideprice. Working Paper.
Nunn, N. (2008). The long-term effects of Africa’s slave trades. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 123(1):139–176.
Nunn, N. (2010). Religious conversion in colonial Africa. 100(2):147–152.
Nunn, N. (2011). Gender andMissionary Influence in Colonial Africa. African Poverty of the Longue Dur´ee.
Nunn, N. and Puga, D. (2012). Ruggedness: The blessing of bad geography in Africa. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 94(1):20–36.
Nunn, N. and Wantchekon, L. (2011). The slave trade and the origins of mistrust in Africa. American Economic Review, 101(7):3221–3252.
Osafo-Kwaako, P. and Robinson, J. A. (2012). Political Centralization in Pre-Colonial Africa. Working Paper.
Osili, U. and Long, B. (2008). Does female schooling reduce fertility? Evidence from Nigeria. Journal of Development Economics, 87(1):57–75.
Pebley, A., Mbugua, W., and Goldman, N. (1988). Polygyny and fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa. Fertility determinants research notes/The Population Council, (21):6.
Putterman, L. and Weil, D. (2010). Post-1500 population flows and the long-run determinants of economic growth and inequality. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 125(4):1627.
Qian, N. (2008). Missing women and the price of tea in China: The effect of sex-specific earnings on sex imbalance. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 123(3):1251.
Rao, V. (1993). The rising price of husbands: A hedonic analysis of dowry increases in rural india. Journal of Political Economy, pages 666–677.
Roome, W. R. (1924). Ethnographic Survey of Africa: Showing the Tribes and Languages; Also the Stations ofMissionary Societies.
Rosenzweig, M. (1993). Women, insurance capital, and economic development in rural India. Journal of human resources, pages 735–758.
Rosenzweig, M. and Stark, O. (1989). Consumption smoothing, migration, and marriage: evidence from rural India. The Journal of Political Economy, 97(4):905–926.
Ross, M. (2008). Oil, Islam, and women. American Political Science Review, 102(1):107.
Schneider, H. (1981). The Africans: an ethnological account. Prentice-Hall.
Schultz, T. (1999). Health and schooling investments in Africa. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 13(3):67–88.
Siow, A. (2006). Monogamy implies positive assortative matching. Working Paper.
Strassmann, B. (1997). Polygyny as a risk factor for child mortality among the Dogon. Current anthropology, 38(4):688–695.
Tertilt, M. (2005). Polygyny, fertility, and savings. Journal of Political Economy, 113(6):1341–1374.
Thornton, J. (1983). Sexual demography: The impact of the slave trade on family structure. in C. Robinson and M. Klein (eds.),Women and slavery in Africa, pages 39–48.
Townsend, R. (1994). Risk and insurance in village India. Econometrica, 62(3):539–591.
Voigtl¨ander, N. and Voth, H. (2011). How the west “invented” fertility restriction. NBER Working Paper No. 17314.
Wagner, N. and Rieger, M. (2011). Polygamy and Child Health. Do babies get sick if daddy has many wives? Working paper.
Whatley, W. and Gillezeau, R. (2011). The Slave Trade and Patrimonialism in Africa. Working Paper.
White, D. and Burton, M. (1988). Causes of polygyny: Ecology, economy, kinship, and warfare. American Anthropologist, 90(4):871–887.
Woodberry, R. (2012). The missionary roots of liberal democracy. American Political Science Review, 106(2):244–274.
Available Versions of this Item
African polygamy: Past and present. (deposited 28. Sep 2012 20:13)
- African polygamy: Past and present. (deposited 30. Nov 2012 13:14) [Currently Displayed]