Yalew, Amsalu Woldie (2012): Do institutional factors matter for improved solid waste management?
Download (550kB) | Preview
There is non-changing behavior of residents in cooperating and contributing for improved solid waste management in spite of increasing provision of solid waste management services in many urban areas. This paper starts from a hypothesis that institutional factors (interventions) are missing. We considered the case of issuing laws and creating awareness about the health and economic burdens due to improper waste management. We applied a paired-t test to test our hypothesis. We find that institutional factors, creating awareness and introducing rules, significantly increase household’s willingness to pay for improved solid waste management services. We find also increasing awareness is more influential than issuing laws. The findings do have important policy implications in reducing not only solid waste management problems but also many other environmental problems in developing countries.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Do institutional factors matter for improved solid waste management?|
|English Title:||Do institutional factors matter for improved solid waste management?|
|Keywords:||Solid waste management, Rules, Awareness, experimental research, t-test|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q53 - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling|
|Depositing User:||Amsalu Woldie Yalew|
|Date Deposited:||28. Nov 2012 15:52|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 08:41|
Adepoju, A. A., and Salimonu, K. K. (undated) Household Willingness to pay for Improved Solid Waste Management in Osun State, Nigeria. (last accessed on 19/11/2012, http://www.appropriatetech.net/files/HOUSEHOLD_WILLINGNESS_TO_PAY_FOR_IMPROVED_SOLID_WASTE_MANAGEMENT_IN_OSUN_STAT1.pdf)
Akinbode, F. (undated) Impacts of Solid Waste on Health and the Environment, Walden University.
Amfo-Out, R., Waif, ED., Kwakwa, PA., and Akpah-Yeboah, S. (2012) Willingness to Pay for Solid Waste Collection in Semi-Rural Ghana: A Logit Estimation, International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, Vol.2 Issue 7.
Amiga, A. (2002) Households’ Willingness To Pay For Improved Solid Waste Management: The Case Of Addis Ababa, M.Sc. Thesis, Addis Ababa University.
Anderson, DR., Sweeny, DJ., and Williams, TA. (2001) Statistics for Business and Economics, Cengage Learning.
Central Statistics Authority of Ethiopia (CSA) (2007) Census 2007 Tables: Amhara Region, Addis Ababa.
Cointreau, S. (2006) Occupational and Environmental Health Issues of Solid Waste Management: Special Emphasis on Middle- and Lower-Income Countries, UP-2, Urban Papers, The World Bank Group.
Cramer, D., and Howitt, D. (2004) The SAGE Dictionary of Statistics, SAGE Publications Ltd.
Greenstone, M. and Gayer, T. (2007) Quasi-Experimental and Experimental Approaches to Environmental Economics, Discussion Paper 07-22, Resource for the Future.
Hagos, D., Mekonnen, A., and Gebreegziabher, Z. (2012) Households’ Willingness to Pay for Improved Urban Waste Management in Mekelle City, Ethiopia, EfD DP 12-06 , Discussion Paper Series, Environment for Development.
House of Peoples’ Representative of Ethiopia (HPRE) (2007) Solid Waste Management Proclamation: Proclamation No. 513/2007, Federal Negarit Gazeta, Addis Ababa.
______, Health Impacts of Solid Wastes, http://edugreen.teri.res.in/explore/solwaste/health.htm (last accessed on 19/11/202)
_______, Solid Waste Management, http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/ehs/NALBOH/NALBOH-4.pdf (last accessed on 19/11/2012)
Markandya,A., Perelet,R., Mason, P., and Taylor, T. (2001) Dictionary of Environmental Economics, Earthscan Publications Ltd.
Niringiye, A., and Omortor, D. (2010) Determinants of Willingness to Pay for Solid Waste Management in Kampala City, Current Research Journal of Economic Theory 2(3): 119-122.
Public Health Service (PHS) (1967) Solid Waste/Diseases Relationships: A Literature Survey, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Cincinnati.
Regassa, N., Sundaraa, RD., and Seboka, BB. (2011) Challenges and Opportunities in Municipal Solid Waste Management: The Case of Addis Ababa City, Central Ethiopia, Journal of Human Ecology, 33(3): 179-190.
Tadesse, T. (2004) Solid and Hazardous Waste Management, Ethiopia Public Health Training Initiative, Addis Ababa.
Yusuf, SA., Salimonu, KK., and Ojo, OT. (2009) Determinants of Willingness to Pay for Improved Household Solid Waste Management in Oyo State, Nigeria, Research Journal of Applied Sciences, 2(3): 233-239.