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Unemployment and Clientelism: The Piqueteros of Argentina

Ponce, Aldo Fernando (2006): Unemployment and Clientelism: The Piqueteros of Argentina.

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Abstract

This paper sheds light on possible explanations for the growth and endurance of the piquetero social movement in Argentina, developed from a comparative perspective based on Latin America. I show which institutional arrangements, political actors, and configurations of power contributed to the success of the piqueteros. Applying the basic principles of the rational choice approach, I find that the success of the piquetero movement was produced by the current political division in the ruling party (the Peronist party), by the over-regulated Argentine labor market, and by the impact of the Argentine economic crisis through the unemployment rates.

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