Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Testing Globalization-Disinflation Hypothesis

Calani, Mauricio (2007): Testing Globalization-Disinflation Hypothesis.

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Abstract

This paper addresses the globalization - disinflation hypothesis from the perspective of a open economy neo keynesian framework. This hypothesis proposes that globalization has changed the long-run inflation process, resulting in a global disinflation. If true, it makes us wonder about the merit of central banks in this phenomenon. Even more, challenges our knowledge that long-run inflation is ultimately a monetary issue. This paper explicitly addresses this hyphotesis, analyzing how different degrees of globalization change the response of output and inflation to supply shocks. To accomplish this, the use of a general equilibrium approach in which we can identify shocks and openness is a must. Globalization is however, a complex process. In this paper I explicitly model globalization just as an openness process. Simulation results suggest that as long as there is one distortion - free market for assets, the discussion about the changed values of price stickiness measures which would affect the long-run inflation process is of reduced importance. It is also suggested that financial integration, and not trade or competition, is the key to understanding the link between globalization and inflation.

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