Pansini, Rosaria Vega (2004): La Fissazione della International Poverty Line: una nuova proposta applicata al Vietnam.
Download (316Kb) | Preview
The poverty line, which has been set by the World Bank in 1990 at 1.08USD/day PPA contains three major errors: it does not refer to a clear definition of poverty; it uses wrong PPA factors converting national poverty lines and it is based on limited data from two countries with the highest poverty incidence. All these errors lead to a systematic underestimate of world poverty. The objective of the paper is be then to evaluate the accuracy of international poverty estimates produced by the World Bank. The case study analyzed in the paper is Vietnam, a country which experiences impressive achievements in term of poverty reduction in the last twenty years. The specific aim of this study is then twofold. Firs, it will construct a new international poverty line using different PPA conversion factors giving more weight to goods consumed by the poorest people. Second, it will design a poverty map for Vietnam using this new poverty threshold. Results indicate that using more accurate PPA conversion factors poverty rates are much higher than the current estimates and this suggest a general revision in the method of setting an international poverty threshold.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||La Fissazione della International Poverty Line: una nuova proposta applicata al Vietnam|
|English Title:||Setting a new International Poverty Line: a new proposal applied to Vietnam|
|Keywords:||povertà, disuguaglianza, linee di povertà, poverty map|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C13 - Estimation: General
D - Microeconomics > D3 - Distribution > D31 - Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
|Depositing User:||Rosaria Vega Pansini|
|Date Deposited:||05. Feb 2009 18:58|
|Last Modified:||17. Mar 2014 03:58|
AGRAWAL, N.- BEARD, J. (2001), Halving Poverty and Eradicating Hunger by 2010. Paper preparato per il Poverty task Force Vietnam.
ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK (2000), Country Economic Review: Socialist Republic of Vietnam. ADB, Hanoi.
ATEN, B. – MENEZES, T. (2002), Poverty Price Levels: A Applications to Brazilian Metropolitan Areas. Paper per la “Conferenza sull’ International Comparison Program” Washington D.C., 11-15 marzo 2002.
ATEN, B. – HESTON, A. (2003), Use of Penn World Table for International Comparison of Poverty Levels: Potential and Limitations. Working Paper.
BAULCH, B. – MINOT, N. (2002), The Spatial Distribution of Poverty in Vietnam and the Potential for Targeting. Working Paper N°. 2829, World Bank.
BIDANI, B - DATT,G. – LANJOUW J. O. – LANJOUW P. (2001), Specifying Poverty Lines: How and Why. Paper preparato per il seminario “Asia and Pacific Forum on Poverty: Reforming Policies and Institutions for Poverty Reduction”, organizzato dalla Asian Development Bank, Manila, 5-9 Febbraio 2001.
CHEN, S. – G. DATT - M. RAVALLION (1994), Is Poverty Increasing or Decreasing in the Developing World?, in <<Review of Income and Wealth>>, Vol. 40.4: 359-376.
CHEN, S. – M. RAVALLION (2001), How Did the World’s Poor Fare in the 1990s?, in << Review of Income and Wealth, Vol. 40.4:359-376.
CIE-Centre for International Economics (2002), Vietnam Poverty Analysis. Report preparato dal CIE per l’ Australian Agency for International Development (ausAID), Canberra e Sidney.
CORNIA, G. A., JOLLY R., STEWART F. (1989), Per un aggiustamento dal volto umano. FA/ UNICEF
DEATON A. (1997), The Analysis of Household Surveys. A Microeconometric Analysis for Development Policy, Poverty and Human Resources Division, World Bank, Washington DC.
DEATON A. (2001), Counting the World’s Poor: Problems and Possible Solutions. World Bank Research Observer, 16 (2, Autunno): pag.125-147.
DEATON A. (2002), Is World Poverty Falling? in <<Finance & Development>>, giugno 2002, vol.39, No.2.
DEATON A. (2003a), How to Monitor Poverty for the Millennium Development Goals. Mimeograph, Princeton University.
DEATON A. (2003b), Measuring Poverty in a Growing World (or measuring growth in a poor world). Research Program in Development Studies, Woodrow wilson School, Princeton University.
DOLLAR, D.- GLEWWE P. – LITVACK, J. (1998), Househol Welfare and Vietnam’s Transition. Regional and Sectorial Studies. World Bank, Washington D.C..
DOLLAR D. – A. KRAAY (2001), Growth is Good for the Poor. Policy Research Working Paper No. 2587, World Bank.
DOLLAR D. – A. KRAAY (2001), Trade, Growth and Poverty. Policy Research Working Paper No. 2199. World Bank.
DOLLAR D (2002), Reform, Growth and Poverty in Vietnam. Policy Research Working Paper No. 2837. World Bank.
FRITZEN, S. (2002), Growth, Inequality and the future of Poverty Reduction in Vietnam in <<Asian Journal of Economics>>, vol. 13, sett./ott.(2002), No.5.
GLEWWE, P. – GRAGNOLATI, M. – ZAMAN, H. (1999), Who gained from Vietnam’s Boom in the 1990’s?. An Analysis of Poverty and Inequality Trends. Development Research Group. World Bank, Washington D.C.
GENERAL STATISTICS OFFICE (1997), Household Living Standard Survey 1997/98. Handbook. GSO, Hanoi.
GENERAL STATISTICS OFFICE (2002), 3% Sample of 1999 Population and Hausing Census (CD-ROM).
GENERAL STATISTICS OFFICE (2002), Statistical Yearbook 2002. Hanoi, Statistical Publishing House.
HESTON, A. (1986), Some Problem of Comparing Poverty Levels Across Countries, paper presentato al seminario “Use of Purchasing Power Parities, Luxemburgo, Eurostat, novembre 1986.
KARSHENAS M. (2002), Measurement and Nature of Absolute Poverty in Least Developed Countries. Economics Working Paper Series No. 129, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London.
LIPTON M.(1996), Emerging Asia, the Penn Tables and Poverty Measurement, in <<Newsletter of PRUS>>, Poverty Research Unit, University of Sussex.
McCARTY, A.(2001) Economy of Vietnam.
MINOT, N. (1998), Generating Disaggregated Poverty Maps: An Application to Vietnam. IFPRI. Washington D.C.
NGUYEN T. H. – NGUYEN V. T. (1993), Identifying Poverty and Hunger in Vietnam, in << Vietnam Economic Review>>, No.4 (22), pagg.30-38.
RAO D.S.P. (2002), Construction of Purchasing Power Parity (PPPs) for the Study of Global and Regional Poverty. Working Paper per la presentazione al Seminario sull’ International Comparison Program (ICP) tenutosi alla World Bank, 11-13 Marzo 2002.
RAVALLION, M. (1998), Poverty Line in Theory and Practice, Living Standards Measurement Study Working Paper No.133, World Bank.
RAVALLION, M. (2001), Poverty Comparison. Fundamental of Pure and Applied Economics. Vol. 56, Harwood Academic Press, Chur, Switzerland.
M. RAVALLION - CHEN, S. (1997), What can New Survey Data tell us about Recent Changes in Distribution and Poverty?, The World Bank Economic Review, vol.11, No.2:357-82.
RAVALLION, M.-G. DATT-D. VAN DE WALLE (1991), Quantifying Absolute Poverty in the Developing World, in << Review of Income and Wealth >>,37: pagg.345-361.
REDDY S. G. – POGGE T. W. (2003) How not to count the poor. Barnard College e Columbia University, Working Paper, http://socialanalysis.org.
SALA-I-MARTIN, X.(2002), The World Distribution of Income. Working Paper No.8933. National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.
SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM (2002), Comprehensive Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy (CPRGS). Hanoi, National Political Publishing House.
SOLIMANO, A. (2002) The Evolution of World Income Inequality: Assessing the impact of Globalization. CEPAL-UN.
SUMMERS, R. – A. HESTON (1988), A New Set of International Comparisons of Real Product and Price Levels Estimates for 130 Countries, 1950-1985, in << Review of Income and Wealth>>, vol.34:1-25.
SUMMERS, R. – A. HESTON (1991), The Penn World Table (Mark 5): An Expanded Set of International Comparisons, 1950-1988 in <<The Quarterly Journal of Economics>>, 327-68.
SUMMERS, R. – A. HESTON (1997), PPPs and Price Parities in Benchmark Studies and the Penn World Table:uses. Paper preparato per la “Eurostat’s Conference on the Value of Real Exchange Rates”, Bruxel, Belgio, 20-21 ottaobre 1997.
SWINKELS, R. – C. TURK (2003), Strategic Planning for Poverty Reduction in Vietnam. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2961.
UNITED NATIONS (1992), Handbook of the International Comparison Programme. Department of Economic and Social Development Statistical Division. New York: United Nations. (www.un.org/Depts/unsd/sna/icp/icp0_htm.htm)
UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM-UNDP (1997), Human Development Report 1997, New York: United Nations. UNDP Vietnam -National Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities (2001), National Human Development Report 2001. Hanoi, The Political National Publishing House.
UNDP (2002), Human Development Report 2002, New York: United Nations.
UNDP Vietnam (2003), Basic Facts about Vietnam aggiornato a marzo 2003, www.undp.org.vn/undp/fact/base/htm.
UNITED NATIONS (1992), Handbook of International Comparison Programme. New York: United Nations. (www.un.org/Depts/unsd/sna/icp/icp0_htm.htm).
UNITED NATIONS (2002), IDT/MDG Progress – Vietnam. United Nations Country Team, Hanoi.
WADE R. (2002), Globalization, Poverty and Income Distribution: Does the Liberal Argument Hold?. Working Paper Series No.02-33, Development Studies Institute, London School of Economics, London.
WORLD BANK (1990), World Development Report 1990, WB, Washington.
WORLD BANK (1995), Vietnam. Poverty Assessment and Strategy. Report del Country Department. WB: Hanoi.
WORLD BANK (1999), Vietnam Attacking Poverty. Vietnam Development Report 2000. Joint Report of Government of Vietnam-Donor-NGO Poverty Working Group, Hanoi.
WORLD BANK (2000), World Development Report 2000/2001: Attacking Poverty, WB, Washington. (www.worldbank.org/poverty/wdrpoverty/report/index.htm).
WORLD BANK (2000), Vietnam 2010: Entering the XXI Century. Pillar of Development. Vietnam Development Report 2001. Joint Report ADB-UNDP-WB, Consultative Group Meeting for Vietnam, Dicembre 14-15,2000, Hanoi.
WORLD BANK (2001a), Special Focus: Poverty Reduction and International Development Goals, WB, Washington.
WORLD BANK (2001b), Vietnam Living Standard Survey (VLSS) 1997/98. Basic Information. Poverty and Human Resources Division, WB, Washington.
WORLD BANK (2002a), Localising MDGs for Poverty Reduction in Vietnam: Eradication Poverty and Hunger. Poverty Task Force. WB, Hanoi.
WORLD BANK (2002b), Globalization, Growth and Poverty: Building an Inclusive World Economy. World Bank, Oxford University Press. Washington D.C.
WORLD BANK (2001), Vietnam Development Report 2002. WB, Hanoi.
WORLD BANK (2003), World Development Indicator 2003. CD-ROM.