McCabe, Kevin and Houser, Daniel and Ryan, Lee and Smith, Vernon and Trouard, Ted (2001): A Functional Imaging Study of Cooperation in Two-Person reciprocal Exchange. Published in: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , Vol. 98, No. 20 (25. September 2001): pp. 11832-11835.
Download (179kB) | Preview
Cooperation between individuals requires the ability to infer each other’s mental states to form shared expectations over mutual gains and make cooperative choices that realize these gains. From evidence that the ability for mental state attribution involves the use of prefrontal cortex, we hypothesize that this area is involved in integrating theory-of-mind processing with cooperative actions. We report data from a functional MRI experiment designed to test this hypothesis. Subjects in a scanner played standard two-person ‘‘trust and reciprocity’’ games with both human and computer counterparts for cash rewards. Behavioral data shows that seven subjects consistently attempted cooperation with their human counterpart. Within this group prefrontal regions are more active when subjects are playing a human than when they are playing a computer following a fixed (and known) probabilistic strategy. Within the group of five noncooperators, there are no significant differences in prefrontal activation between computer and human conditions.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Institution:||George Mason University|
|Original Title:||A Functional Imaging Study of Cooperation in Two-Person reciprocal Exchange|
|Keywords:||Neuroeconomics; Exchange; Trust; Theory-of-Mind; functional Imaging of brain|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D1 - Household Behavior and Family Economics > D10 - General
D - Microeconomics > D0 - General > D01 - Microeconomic Behavior: Underlying Principles
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O4 - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity > O43 - Institutions and Growth
|Depositing User:||Kevin McCabe|
|Date Deposited:||06. Oct 2007|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 00:18|
1. Trivers, R. L. (1971) Q. Rev. Biol. 46, 35–57. 2. Axelrod, R. & Hamilton, W. D. (1981) Science 211, 1390–1396. 3. Milinski, M. (2987) Nature (London) 25, 433–435. 4. DeWaal, F. B. M. (1997) Evol. Hum. Behav. 18, 375–386. 5. DeWaal, F. B. M. & Berger, M. L. (2000) Nature (London) 404, 563. 6. Dunbar, R. I. M. (1996) in Evolution of Social Behavior Patterns in Primates and Man, eds. Runciman, W.G., Smith, J. M. & Dunbar, R. I. M. (Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, UK). 7. McCabe, K. & Smith, V. (2000) in Bounded Rationality: The Adaptive Toolbox, eds. Gigerenzer, G. & Selten, R. (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA). 8. Nowak, M. A. & Sigmund, K. (1998) Nature (London) 393, 573–577. 9. Wedekind, C. & Milinski, M. (2000) Science 288, 850–852. 10. McCabe, K.&Smith, V. (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 3777–3781. (First Published March 21, 2000; 10.1073ypnas.040577397) 11. McCabe, K., Rassenti, S. & Smith, V. (1996) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 13421–13428. 12. Fletcher, P. C., Happe, F., Frith, U., Baker, S. C., Dolan, R. J., Frackowiak, R. S. J. & Frith, C. D. (1995) Cognition 57, 109–128. 13. Castelli, F., Happe, F., Frith, U. & Frith, C. (2000) Neuroimage 12, 314–325. 14. Sabbagh, M. A. & Taylor, M. (2000) Psychol. Sci. 11, 46–50. 15. Leslie, A. (2000) in The New Cognitive Neurosciences, ed. Gazzaniga, M. (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA), pp. 1235–1248. 16. Baron-Cohen, S. (1995) in Mindblindness An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA). 17. Galagher, H. L., Happe, F., Brunswick, N., Fletcher, P. C. & Frith, C. D. (2000) Neuropsychologia 38, 11–21. 18. Metcalfe, J. & Mischel, W. (1999) Psychol. Rev. 106, 3–19. 19. Petrides, M. & Pandya, D. N. (1994) in Handbook of Neuropsychology, eds. Boller, F. & Grafman, J. (Elsevier Sciences, Amsterdam), Vol. 9. 20. Pandya, D. N. & Yeterian, E. H. (1998) in The Prefrontal Cortex Executive and Cognitive Functions, eds. Roberts, A. C., Robbins, T. W. & Weiskrantz, L. (Oxford Univ. Press, New York). 21. Lee, R., Glover, G. & Meyer, G. (1995) Magn. Res. Med. 33, 745–754. 22. Isaac, M. & Walker, J. (1988) Q. J. Econ. 103, 179–200. 23. Davis, D. & Holt, C. (1993) Experimental Economics (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton). 24. Damasio, A. R. (1989) Neural Comput. 1, 123–132. 25. Rolls, E. & Treves, A. (1997) Neural Networks and Brain Function (Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford). 26. Miller, E. (2000) Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 1, 59–65.