Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Airport Choice in Germany - New Empirical Evidence of the German Air Traveller Survey 2003

Wilken, Dieter and Berster, Peter and Gelhausen, Marc Christopher (2005): Airport Choice in Germany - New Empirical Evidence of the German Air Traveller Survey 2003. Published in: Proceedings of the 9th Air Transport Research Society World Congress (2005): pp. 1-29.

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Abstract

The paper deals with the quantitative relationship between the number of air travellers in any region and the airports chosen in Germany in 2003. The purpose of the paper is to present results of an analysis of airport choice behaviour of total air passenger demand in Germany, based on data of the German air traveller survey conducted at 17 international and 5 regional airports. About 210 000 passengers were interviewed about their trip origin, destination, choice of travel mode to the airport, purpose of their journey and further journey and person related attributes. As a result of the analysis so far, the distribution of airports chosen by all passengers coming from any region in Germany can be shown in relation to the journey purpose and destination. Based on these data, logit models have been calibrated for each market segment to forecast airport choice in relation to the accessibility and attractiveness of airports. As a further methodological step the outline of a combined neural and nested logit model of access mode and airport choice is given, which will be calibrated on the basis of the data of the German air traveller survey.

Typically, the nearest airport will be chosen by most travellers, there are, however, on average eight airports serving one region (defined as a Spatial Planning Region, of which there are 97 in Germany). If there is an international airport in a region about two thirds of the demand coming from that region will choose that airport, and about one third will choose to depart from one of seven other airports. Vice versa, each airport attracts passengers coming from almost 40 regions. There is thus an intense interaction between an airport and a large influential area.

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