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Price Calibration of basket default swap: Evidence from Japanese market

Fathi, Abid and Nader, Naifar (2007): Price Calibration of basket default swap: Evidence from Japanese market.

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is the price calibration of basket default swap from Japanese market data. The value of this instruments depend on the number of factors including credit rating of the obligors in the basket, recovery rates, intensity of default, basket size and the correlation of obligors in the basket. A fundamental part of the pricing framework is the estimation of the instantaneous default probabilities for each obligor. Because default probabilities depend on the credit quality of the considered obligor, well-calibrated credit curves are a main ingredient for constructing default times. The calibration of credit curves take into account internal information on credit migrations and default history. We refer to Japan Credit Rating Agency to obtain rating transition matrix and cumulative default rates. Default risk is often considered as a rare-event and then, many studies have shown that many distributions have fatter tails than those captured by the normal distribution. Subsequently, the choice of copula and the choice of procedures for rare-event simulation govern the pricing of basket credit derivatives. Joshi and Kainth (2004) introduced an Importance Sampling technique for rare-event that forces a predetermined number of defaults to occur on each path. We consider using Gaussian copula and t-student copula and study their impact on basket credit derivative prices. We will present an application of the Canonical Maximum Likelihood Method (CML) for calibrating t-student copula to Japanese market data.

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