Sayan, Serdar and Tekin-Koru, Ayca (2007): Remittances, Business Cycles and Poverty: The Recent Turkish Experience. Forthcoming in:
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We investigate whether remittances sent to Turkey by Turkish workers living in Germany are countercyclical or procyclical with Turkish and German national outputs and discuss the possible reasons underlying the resulting patterns and their implications. We also take up a previously unexplored issue and discuss poverty alleviation potential of remittances at a macroeconomic level by examining the statistical properties of any co-movements between remittances cycles and cycles in consumption spending on food and durable goods in Turkey. Our results reveal that the real remittance flows from Germany to Turkey move procyclically with the real output in Turkey, and are primarily driven by (largely independent of) the developments in the Turkish economy (German economy).
We also find that remittances cycles remain procyclical to the consumption cycles throughout our sample period. This direct co-movement between the two cycles becomes synchronous, however, only after a phase shift occurring around 1992, pointing to the increasing role of the level of economic activity in Turkey as the leading determinant of remittance receipts from Germany and the declining strength of consumption smoothing motive over time. Our results all together point out a low potential for remittances sent from Germany to reduce poverty in Turkey, at least as far as the past fifteen years are concerned.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Remittances, Business Cycles and Poverty: The Recent Turkish Experience|
|Keywords:||Remittances, International migration, Business cycles and poverty|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F22 - International Migration
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E3 - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles > E32 - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F24 - Remittances
|Depositing User:||Ayça Tekin-Koru|
|Date Deposited:||30. Nov 2007 16:59|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 04:29|