Makoka, Donald and Kaplan, Marcus (2005): Poverty and Vulnerability - An Interdisciplinary Approach.
Download (602kB) | Preview
This paper describes the concepts of poverty and vulnerability as well as the interconnections and differences between them using an interdisciplinary approach. While poverty is a static concept, vulnerability has a forward-looking dimension. We, therefore, review the methodologies that different disciplines use to measure poverty and vulnerability. In particular, the differences between vulnerability to natural disasters, vulnerability to climate change, as well as vulnerability to poverty are highlighted to reflect how vulnerability is perceived in natural sciences as well as in economics. The three case studies from Tajikistan, Malawi, and Europe show how the different dimensions of vulnerability impact on household welfare and livelihoods in developing as well as developed countries.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Poverty and Vulnerability - An Interdisciplinary Approach|
|Keywords:||poverty, vulnerability, hazard|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development|
|Depositing User:||Donald Makoka|
|Date Deposited:||02. Feb 2008 06:29|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 04:23|
Adger, W.N. (1998): Indicators of Social and Economic Vulnerability to Climate Change in Vietnam. CSERGE Working Paper GEC 98-02. Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment University of East Anglia and University College London.
Aguirregabiria, V (2003) Decomposable Poverty Measures, Encyclopedia of World Poverty, Available at http://people.bu.edu/vaguirre/wpapers/decomposable_encyclopedia.pdf
Alwang, J.; Siegel, P.B.; S.L. Jorgensen (2001): Vulnerability: A View From Different Disciplines. Social Protection Discussion Paper Series. Social Proection Unit, The World Bank. Washington.
Annan, K. (2003): Message for the International Day for Disaster Reduction 8 October 2003. Source: http://www.unisdr.org/eng/public_aware/world_camp/2003/pa-camp03-sg-eng.htm. Last assessed 15/11/2005.
Birkmann, J. (2005): Danger need not spell Disaster – But how vulnerable are we? Research Brief, No. 1/2005. Institute for Environment and Human Security. United Nations University.
Birkmann, J. (Ed.) (forthcoming 2006): Measuring Vulnerability to Hazards of Natural Origin. Tokyo.
Bogardi, J.J.; J. Birkmann (2004): Vulnerability Assessment: The First Step Towards Sustainable Risk Reduction. In: Malzahn, D.; T. Plapp (Ed.): Disasters and Society – From Hazard Assessment to Risk Reduction. Proceedings of the International Conference. Universität Karlsruhe, July 26-27, 2004. pp. 75-82.
Bohle, H.G. (2001): Vulnerability and Criticality. In: Newsletter of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change, Update No. 02/2001.
Canadian Council on Social Development ,CCSD (2001), 2001 poverty lines http://www.ccsd.ca/factsheets/fs_lic01.htm Last assessed 21/11/2005
Cannon, T.; Twigg, J.; J. Rowell (2003): Social Vulnerability, Sustainable Livelihoods and Disasters. Report to DFID. Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance Department (CHAD) and Sustainable Livelihoods Office London.
Cardona, O.D. (2004): The Need for Rethinking the Concepts of Vulnerability and Risk from a Holistic Perspective: a Necessary Review and Criticism for Effective Risk Management. In: Bankoff, G.; Frerks, G.; D. Hilhorst (Ed.): Mapping Vulnerability: Disasters, Development and People. London. pp. 37-51.
Chaudhuri, S.; Jalan, J.; A. Suryahadi (2002): Assessing Household Vulnerability to Poverty from Cross-sectional Data: A Methodology and Estimates from Indonesia. Discussion Paper: Columbia University. New York.
Commonwealth Secretariat (2000): A commonwealth Vulnerability Index for Developing Countries, Commonwealth Publication
Dercon, S. (2001): Assesing Vulnerability to Poverty. Jesus College and CSAE, Department of Economics, Oxford University.
Dessalien R.L. 2000 Review of Poverty Concepts and Indicators
Downing, T.E. et al. (forthcoming 2006): Integrating Social Vulnerability into Water Management. In Print.
Feldbrügge, T.; J. von Braun (2002): Is the World Becoming A More Risky Place? Trends in Disasters and Vulnerability to Them. Discussion Papers on Development Policy No.46.. Center for Development Research. Bonn
Grize, L. et al. (2005): Heat wave 2003 and mortality in Switzerland. In: Swiss Medical Weekly 135. pp. 200-205.
GTZ (2005): Linking Poverty Reduction and Disaster Risk Management. German Technical Cooperation. Eschborn.
Heitzmann, K.; Canagarajah, R.S.; P.B. Siegel (2002): Guidelines for Assessing the Sources of Risk and Vulnerability. Social Protection Discussion Paper Series. Social Protection Unit, The World Bank. Washington.
Hoogeveen, J. et al. (2004): A Guide to the Analysis of Risk, Vulnerability and Vulnerable Groups. Washington.
IFRC (2005): World Disasters Report 2004. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.
Inter-American Development Bank, 2004 Prevalent Vulnerability Index, available at http://www.iadb.org/ext/disaster/pvi_es.efm, last assessed 21/11/2005
International Organization for Migration, Newsletter 2004, Dushanbe
IPCC (2001): Climate Change 2001: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II, and III to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge.
Johnson, H.; Cook, L.; C. Rooney (2004): Mortality during the heat wave of August 2003 in England and Wales and the use of rapid weekly estimates. WHO Family of International Classifications Network Meeting, Reykjavik, Iceland, 24-30 October, 2004.
Kamanou, G.; J. Morduch (2002): Measuring Vulnerability to Poverty. Discussion Paper No. 2002/58. World Institute for Development Economics Research. United Nations University. Helsinki
Kosatsky, T. (2005): The 2003 European Heat Waves. In: Eurosurveillance, Issues 7-9 (10). pp. 148-149.
Meehl, G.A.; C. Tebaldi (2004): More Intense, More Frequent, and Longer Lasting Heat Waves in the 21st Century. In: Science 305. pp. 994-997.
Milligan, J. (2005): Heatwaves: the developed world’s hidden disaster. In: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies: World Disasters Report 2004. Chapter 2- summary. Source: < http://www.ifrc.org/publicat/wdr2004/chapter2.asp> Last assessed 17/11/2005.
Munich Re (2004): Topics geo – Annual Review: Natural Catastrophes 2003. Munich.
Pirard, P. et al. (2005): Summary of the Mortality Impact Assessment of the 2003 Heat Wave in France. In: Eurosurveillance, Issues 7-9 (10). pp. 153-156.
Prowse, M. (2003): Towards a clearer understanding of ‘vulnerability’ in relation to chronic poverty. CPRC Working Paper No 24. Manchester.
Schneiderbauer, S.; D. Ehrlich (2004): Risk, Hazard and people’s vulnerability to natural hazards – A review of definitions, concepts and data. Luxembourg.
STARDEX (no year): Record Warm Summer in Western Europe in 2003. STARDEX Information Sheet 3. Statistical and Regional dynamical Downscaling of Extremes for European Regions.
The Government of the Republic of Tajikistan (2002): Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, Dushanbe 2002,
Thywissen, K. (forthcoming 2006): Glossary of Core Terms of Disaster Risk Management. in: Birkmann, J. (Ed.): Measuring Vulnerability to Hazards of Natural Origin. Tokyo.
UNAIDS (2004): Sub-Saharan Africa HIV/AIDS Estimates for 2004, Available at http://www.unaids.org/EN/Geographical+Area/By+Region/sub-saharan+africa.asp, last assessed 21/11/2005
UNDP (2005) Human Development Report 2005: International Cooperation at a Crossroads: Aid, Trade and Security in an Unequal World.
UNEP and SOPAC (2005) Building Resilience in SIDS: The Environmental Vulnerability Index, SOPAC Secretariat, Fiji Islands; UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya
UN/ISDR (2004a): Living with Risk. A global review of disaster reduction initiatives. United Nations/International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. Geneva.
UN/ISDR (2004b): Glossary. Basic Terms of Disaster Risk Reduction. Source: http://www.unisdr.org/unisdr/eng/library/lib-terminology-eng%20home.htm. Last assessed 15/11/2005. United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction.
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (2004) Human Rights Dimension of Poverty, available at http://www.ohchr.org/english/issues/poverty/, last assessed 21/11/2005
UNDP (2000): UNDP Poverty Report
UNDP (2004): Reducing Disaster Risk – A Challenge for Development. United Nations Development Programme. New York.
Vogel, C. (2001): Vulnerability and Global Environmental Change. http://www.aiaccproject.org/resources/ele_lib_docs/vogel_vulnerability.pdf. Last assessed 14/11/2005.
Wisner, B. et al. (2004): At Risk – Natural Hazards, People’s Vulnerability and Disasters. London
WHO (2004): Public health response to extreme weather and climate events. Working Paper EUR/04/5046267/13, Fourth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health, Budapest, Hungary, 23-25 June 2004. World Health Organization.
World Summit for Social Development Copenhagen, 6 - 12 March 1995, Declaration http://www.earthsummit2002.org/wssd/wssd/wssd4.htm, last assessed 21/11/2005