Berliant, Marcus and Sabarwal, Tarun (2008): When Worlds Collide: Different Comparative Static Predictions of Continuous and Discrete Agent Models with Land.
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This paper presents a difference in the comparative statics of general equilibrium models with land when there are finitely many agents, and when there is a continuum of agents. Restricting attention to quasi-linear and Cobb-Douglas utility, it is shown that with finitely many agents, an increase in the (marginal) commuting cost increases land rent per unit (that is, land rent averaged over the consumer's equilibrium parcel) paid by the consumer located at each fixed distance from the central business district. In contrast, with a continuum of agents, average land rent goes up for consumers at each fixed distance close to the central business district, is constant at some intermediate distance, and decreases for locations farther away. Therefore, there is a qualitative difference between the two types of models, and this difference is potentially testable.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||When Worlds Collide: Different Comparative Static Predictions of Continuous and Discrete Agent Models with Land|
|Keywords:||Large Urban Economies, Comparative Statics, Continuous and Discrete Agent Models|
|Subjects:||R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R13 - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies
D - Microeconomics > D5 - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium > D51 - Exchange and Production Economies
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R14 - Land Use Patterns
|Depositing User:||Marcus Berliant|
|Date Deposited:||23. Feb 2008 03:02|
|Last Modified:||19. Feb 2013 10:57|
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