Chakraborty, Pinaki and Chakraborty, Lekha S (2006): Is Fiscal Policy Contracyclical in India: An Empirical Analysis.
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The paper empirically examines the validity of Keynesian philosophy of contracyclical variation in fiscal policy to the macroeconomic activity in India. The macroeconomic activity is proxied by ‘output gap’ a concept defined to estimate the index of economic activity. Applying Johansen’s Full Information Maximum Likelihood test of cointegration, it was found that there exists a long run, stable relationship between fiscal policy stance and macroeconomic activity. Further, the causality detection in asymmetric vector autoregression model revealed that there exists feedback mechanism between fiscal policy stance and output gap, which reinforces the Keynesian theory that fiscal stance is contracyclical in nature. The policy implication of these results points to the fallacy of rule-based fiscal policy to contain fiscal deficit, based on the neo-classical assumption that fiscal deficit has detrimental effects through financial crowding out. The results reinforced the role of fiscal deficit not as an evil but as an instrument of short run demand management and also the significance of pump priming.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Is Fiscal Policy Contracyclical in India: An Empirical Analysis|
|Keywords:||Fiscal stance, Output gap, Contracyclical fiscal policy, Stationarity, Cointegration, Asymmetric vector autoregression|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C3 - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables > C32 - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E6 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, and General Outlook
|Depositing User:||Lekha S Chakraborty|
|Date Deposited:||10. Mar 2008 12:18|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 17:50|
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