Fiorillo, Damiano (2007): Do monetary rewards undermine intrinsic motivations of volunteers? Some empirical evidence for Italian volunteers.
Download (123kB) | Preview
Empirical studies show that intrinsic motivations increase the volunteer labour supply. This paper studies how monetary rewards to volunteers affect their intrinsic motivations. Using a sample of Italian volunteers, allowing to distinguish the type of volunteer, the paper shows that monetary rewards (extrinsic motivations) influence positively the choice to donate voluntary hours, while a low intrinsic motivation seems to decrease hours per week. Moreover, monetary rewards increase the hours per week of individuals with low intrinsic motivation. Thus, a crowding in effect on low intrinsic motivation might emerge for continuative volunteers.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Do monetary rewards undermine intrinsic motivations of volunteers? Some empirical evidence for Italian volunteers|
|Keywords:||Monetary rewards, intrinsic motivations, volunteer labour supply|
|Subjects:||Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification|
|Depositing User:||Damiano Fiorillo|
|Date Deposited:||15. Mar 2008 18:30|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 06:51|
Andreoni J., (1990), Impure altruism and donations to public goods: a theory of warm-glow giving, Economic Journal, 100, 464-467. Borzaga C., (2000), Capitale umano e qualità del lavoro nei servizi sociali, Roma: FIVOL Borzaga C., Musella M., (2004), Produttività ed efficienza nelle organizzazioni nonprofit, Trento: Edizioni 31. Brown E., Lankford H., (1992), Gifts of money and gifts of time: estimating the effects of tax prices and available time, Journal of Public Economics, 47, 321-341. Cappellari L., Turati G., (2004), Volunteer labour supply: the role of workers’ motivations, Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 74, 619-643. Day K. M., Devlin R. A., (1996), Volunteerism and crowding out: Canadian econometrics evidence, Canadian Journal of Economics, 29, 37-53. Deci E. L., (1971), Effects on externally mediated rewards on intrinsic motivation, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 18, 105-115. Deci E. L., Ryan R., (1985), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior, New York: Putnam. Freeman R. B., (1997), Working for nothing: the supply of volunteer labour, Journal of Labor Economics, 15, S140-S166. Frey B. S., (1992), Tertium datur: pricing, regulating and intrinsic motivation, Kyklos, 45, 161-184. Frey B. S., (1994), How intrinsic motivation is crowded out and in, Rationality and Society, 6, 334-352. Frey B. S., Oberholzer-Gee F., (1997), The cost of price incentives: an empirical analysis of motivation crowding-out, American Economic Review, 87, 746-755. Frey B. S., Götte L., (1999), Does pay motive volunteers?, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Working Paper Series 7, University of Zurich. Frey B. S., Jegen R., (2001), Motivation crowding theory, Journal of Economic Surveys, 15, 589-611. Hackl F., Halla M., Pruckner G. J., (2007), Volunteering and income – The fallacy of good Samaritan?, Kyklos, 60, 77-104. Lane R. E., (1991), The market experience, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Lepper M. R., Green D., (1978), The hidden costs of reward: new perspectives on the psychology of human motivation, New York: Erlbaum. McGraw K. O., (1978), The detrimental effects of reward on performance: a literature review and a prediction model, in Lepper M. R., Green D., (eds), 33-60. Meier S., Stuizer A., (2004), Is volunteering rewarding in itself?, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Working Paper Series 180, University of Zurich. Menchik P. L., Weisbrod B. A., (1987), Volunteer labour supply, Journal of Public Economics, 32, 159-183.