Temu, Andrew and Msuya, Elibariki Emmanuel (2004): Capacity Building In Information And Communication Management (ICM) Towards Food Security.
Download (357kB) | Preview
This paper addresses capacity strengthening needs in the area of ICM to support food security initiatives. It fully acknowledges that FS is a state of assuring physical availability and economic accessibility to enough food in terms of quantity (amount, distribution, calories), quality (safe, nutritious, balanced) and cultural acceptability for all people at all times for a healthy and active life.
It starts by outlining how ICM can support strategies to ensure availability, access, acceptability, adequacy, and agency and it highlights key information needs in each case. A FS Information and Communication Web is developed basing on a generic conceptual framework of determinants of food security. The web delineates information needs that would support strategies to ensure adequacy of food, stability of supply, and access – physical and economical.
The paper then articulates capacity strengthening needs in line with the three dimensions or levels of food security: national, community and household. Four case studies: (i) Uganda’s ICT policy and Food Security (ii) Human Resources needs at community level drawing experiences from Africa and Asia (iii) HR Capacity Development Needs in Africa by the IMF (iv) Audio visual and farmer skills in Mali – serve to demonstrate grassroots ICM applications that support food security initiatives, and in each case it points to theme specific capacity strengthening needs. The studies, as a result, demonstrate how enhanced ICM capacity can support food security through: developing suitable ICT policies, empowering communities with ICM knowledge, improving development planning, enhancing agricultural productivity, supporting marketing systems, improving natural resources management and conservation, and through effective execution of early warning systems – all having implications for food security.
The paper concludes by presenting a summary of capacity strengthening needs. These range from sensitization of regional and national policy makers, down to technical skills required by data collectors, analysts and information generators, knowledge disseminators and also knowledge users. To achieve the above the paper proposes roles that may be played by governments, NGOs, education sector, research and development institutions, regional and international organizations, and CTA.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Capacity Building In Information And Communication Management (ICM) Towards Food Security|
|Keywords:||Capacity Building, Food Security, ICM, Tanzania|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I31 - General Welfare
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q18 - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
|Depositing User:||Elibariki Msuya|
|Date Deposited:||07. Apr 2008 06:33|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 08:39|
Balit, S.; Cavelo Rios, M. and Masias, L. (1996). Communication for Development for Latin America: A regional experience. FAO,Rome Italy.
Benson, T. (2004). Africa’s Food And Nutrition Security. Where are We and How Did We Reach Here? 2020 Discussion Paper No. 37, August 2004. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, DC.
Buchanan-Smith, M. and S. Davies (1995). Famine, Early Warning and Response – The Missing Link. Intermediate Technology Publications, Southampton, London, UK.
Clare O'Farrell and Patricia Norrish, (2000). Information and Communication Technologies for Sustainable Livelihoods. http://www.fao.org/sd/CDdirect/CDre0055f.htm
ESCWA, (2003). Delineating roles for partners in the development of the information society: A Collaborative Approach. www.escwa.org.lb/wsis/conference/ documents/18-partners.pdf
SDRE (1998). Communication for Development Group Extension, Education and Communication Service, Knowledge and information for food security in Africa: From traditional media to the Internet. FAO Research, Extension and Training Division. www.fao.org/waicent/faoinfo/sustdev/Cddirect/Cdan0017.htm
FAO (1986). Food and Agricultural Statistics in the Context of a National Information system. FAO Statistical Development Series No1, FAO, Rome, Italy.
FAO (2000). Standards and Guidelines for Agricultural Information Management. 1st Consultation On Agricultural Information Management, Working Document. FAO, Rome, Italy.
FAO/WHO (1992). Improving Household Food Security. Major Issues for Nutrition. An International Conference on Nutrition. Theme Paper No 1, FAO, Rome, Italy.
FAO (2003). Livelihood approaches to information and communication in support of rural development and food security. http://www.fao.org/waicent/portal/outreach/livelihoods/en/index-en.html
Gabriel Accascina, (2000). Information Technology and Poverty Alleviation. SD Knowledge, FAO, Rome Italy.
Government of the Republic of Uganda, (2002). National Information and Communication Technology Policy. The Government of Uganda, Kampala, Uganda.
Hilda Munyua (2000), Information and Communication Technologies for Rural development and Food Security: Lessons from field experiences in developing countries. CAB International, Africa Regional Center. http://www.fao.org/sd/CDdirect/CDre0055b.htm
IMF (2002). The Role of Capacity-Building in Poverty Reduction. IMF Issue brief 02/02. International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC, USA.
Karen Lippold and Laurel Neme, (2003). Mainstreaming Natural Resource Management into Development Programs. FRAME Workshop Alexandria, Virginia. http://www.irgltd.com/Resources/Publications/Africa/2003.
Martin-Hurtado, R; Bolt, K; and K. Hamilton (2002). The Environment and Millennium Development Goals. Communications Development Incorporated. The World Bank, Washington DC.
Michael Gurstein, (2000). Rural Development and Food Security; a "community informatics" based conceptual framework for FAO. Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, Rome, Italy.
NATURA PROGRAM (1993). Food and Nutrition Security for Health and Development. A Teaching Module. Department of Health and Nutrition, Wageningen University, Netherlands.
Quinn, V.J. and Kennedy, E. (1994) Food Security and Nutrition Monitoring Systems in Africa: a Review of Country Experiences and Lessons Learned. Food policy 19.
Robert F. Twonsend, (1999). Agricultural Incentives in Sub-Saharan Africa; policy challenges. World Bank Technical Paper no: 444
Romeo Bertolini, (2004). Making Information and communication Technologies Work for Food Security in Africa. 2020 Africa Conference Policy Brief. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington DC, USA.
Saleh M. Nsouli, (2000). Capacity Building in Africa: The Role of International Financial Institutions, Finance and Development, Vol 37, No. 4, IMF - International Monetary Fund, Washington DC, USA.
Suresh Babu, Valerie Rhoe, Andrew Temu, and Sheryl Hendriks, (2004). Strengthening Africa’s Capacity to Design and Implement Strategies for Food and Nutrition Security. IFPRI. 2020 Africa Conference Policy Brief. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington DC, USA.
Suzanne Gervais, (2003). Local Capacity Building in Title II Food Security Projects: A Framework, Food Aid Management (FAM)
The United Republic of Tanzania, (2003). National Information And Communications Technologies Policy. The United Republic of Tanzania, Dar-es-salaam, Tanzania.