Munich Personal RePEc Archive

قطاع النفط والصناعة النفطية في العراق بين الواقع المؤلم والأفاق المستقبلية

Alrubaie, falah.K.Ali (2005): قطاع النفط والصناعة النفطية في العراق بين الواقع المؤلم والأفاق المستقبلية.

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Abstract

Iraq today is a group of oil states funny and melodramatic paradox at the same time, despite what this country owned by huge oil reserves, has failed so far, the administration of the Gaza crude oil production to reach operational productivity to a level equivalent to the possibility of reserves. Also a petroleum industry is not less tragic, do believe that the country was one of the first oil-producing countries in the world and its national experience high over the rest of the region in the oil industry, we see today importer of petroleum products and has a disastrous deficit in those derivatives. Result of the terrorist operations and security turmoil that occurred after the American occupation in April 2003, oil refineries stopped working at full capacity, or half of their capacities sometimes, and led to a situation of almost total deficit of supplies of oil derivatives, forcing the government to rely on the import of those products of the neighboring countries. that those conditions can be met only by the presence of a strong government has a clear economic vision for the future of the oil industry in Iraq, and the results of the study showed that the future developments in the oil sector will remain linked to the fate of the development process and the reconstruction of the Iraqi economy, which in turn linked, the extent of success in the national reconciliation and the formulation of the national Iraqi political project based on democracy, development and national interest of common interests and away from the narrow ethnic and sectarian Without achieving those goals, it will be difficult to get the petroleum industry and the Iraqi economy of this long dark tunnel. After solving this problem will be easy to start in the implementation of actions required to complete the process of reconstruction which includes the reconstruction and rehabilitation of the oil fields and installations and re-establish the infrastructure destroyed in Iraq, an end to corruption and smuggling common in several regions, the dimensions of the petroleum industry on the impacts and political pressures, the founding National Oil Company as an interference in a federal Conventions regarding the operations of oil sector development and use of natural gas on a large scale in the broader economic sectors, as well as new refining capacities to meet the needs of domestic consumption and for export , Encourage Iraqi private sector and expanding its role in the petroleum industry, accelerating the issuance of oil and gas law , Act as legislation gives federal oil trust in the possibility of foreign investment in the oil and gas sector a necessity that should be met for the advancement of the oil sector suffering.

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