Osipian, Ararat (2007): Higher education corruption in the world media: Prevalence, patterns, and forms.
Download (158kB) | Preview
Corruption in higher education is a newly emerging topic in the field of education research. There is a phenomenal growth in the number of media reports on corruption in higher education over the last decade. However, the rigorous systematic research on education corruption is virtually nonexistent. This paper considers corruption in higher education as reflected in the world media, including such aspects of corruption as its prevalence, patterns, and dominating forms. It follows publications in the specialized and the non-specialized media outlets in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Russian Federation. The publications are grouped depending on the particular problem they address. This criterion has been chosen as best addressing the issue of corruption internationally. Socio-economic context of educational reforms and changes in each country leaves its print on major forms of corruption in higher education. The findings help to determine which aspects of corruption in higher education should be given more consideration in the future research and which ones might be prioritized, as well as how the national systems of higher education can be improved.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Higher education corruption in the world media: Prevalence, patterns, and forms|
|Keywords:||corruption, higher education, media, Russia, UK, US|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions > I23 - Higher Education Research Institutions
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions > I21 - Analysis of Education
K - Law and Economics > K4 - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior > K42 - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
|Depositing User:||Ararat Osipian|
|Date Deposited:||26. Apr 2008 02:55|
|Last Modified:||07. Jan 2014 23:45|
Amerikanskie uchenye obvinili Putina v plagiate. Eto mozhet povlech massovuju proverku dissertatsiy rossijskih chinovnikov [American scholars accused Putin in plagiarism. This can result in a massive check of all the dissertations defended by Russian public officials]. Newsru.com. March 27, 2006. Retrieved July 5, 2007, from http://www.newsru.com/russia/27mar2006/disser.html
Anderson, M. (1992). Impostors in the Temple: American Intellectuals Are Destroying Our Universities and Cheating Our Students of Their Future. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Anderson, M. (1999). Uncovering the Covert: Research on Academic Misconduct. In J. Braxton (Eds.). Perspectives on Scholarly Misconduct in the Sciences. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press.
Anderson, M. (2001). The Complex Relations between the Academy and Industry: Views from the Literature. Journal of Higher Education, 72(2), pp. 226-246.
Anechiarico, F. & Jacobs, J. (1995). The Pursuit of Absolute Integrity: How Corruption Control Makes Government Ineffective. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bardhan, P. (1997). Corruption and Development: a Review of Issues. Journal of Economic Literature, 35, pp. 1320-1346.
Bartlett, T. (2006). Fake university paid bribes for credentials. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 52(30) (March 31), p. A14.
Bartlett, T. (2004). Member of accrediting group has Ph.D. from ‘notorious diploma mill.’ The Chronicle of Higher Education, 50(30) (April 2), p. A29.
Bartlett, T. & Smallwood, S. (2004). Inside the multimillion-dollar world of diploma mills. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 50(42) (June 25), p. A8.
Baty, P. (2004). Survey shows cheating is rife. The Times Higher Education Supplement (July 2).
Bernstein, N. (1998). Charges of research fraud arise at Cornell AIDS lab. New York Times, (September 26), pp. A1, B6.
Boseley, S. (1999). Independent body needed to curb fraudulent research. Guardian Weekly (September 16-22).
Brainard, J. (2000). As U.S. releases new rules on scientific fraud, scholars debate how much and why it occurs. The Chronicle of Higher Education (December 8), p. A26.
Carnevale, D. (2004). Federal and state officials discuss cracking down on online diploma mills. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 50(23) (February 13), p. A32.
Desruisseaux, P. (1999). Cheating is reaching epidemic proportions worldwide, researchers say.” The Chronicle of Higher Education, (April 30), p. A45.
Diploma Mill Sues Over Diploma-Mill Law. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 51(2) (September 3, 2006), p. A14.
Eckstein, M. (2003). Combating Academic Fraud. Towards a Culture of Integrity. Paris: IIEP.
Eichenwald, K. & Kolata, G. (1999). A doctor’s drug trials turn into fraud: research for hire. New York Times (May 17), pp. A 16-17.
Field, K. (2007). College Board Drops Student-Loan Program. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 54 (September 7), p. A34.
Field, K. & Keller, J. (2007). Cuomo Accuses Education Dept. of Lax Oversight of Lenders: In Continuing Scandal, Aid Administrators Develop New Code of Conduct. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 53 (May 4), p. A33.
Foster, A. (2003). Illinois professor shuts down his web site on ‘diploma mills.’ The Chronicle of Higher Education, 50(9) (October 24), p. A38.
Guterman, L. (2004). German university revokes Ph.D. of scientist who falsified data as a Bell Labs researcher. The Chronicle of Higher Education, (June 16).
Hallak, J. & Poisson, M. (2002). Ethics and Corruption in Education. Paris: IIEP.
Hallak, J. & Poisson, M. (2007). Corrupt Schools, Corrupt Universities: What Can Be Done? Paris: IIEP.
Henry, J. (2001). More heads found guilty of tests cheating. The Times Higher Education Supplement (October 8).
Heyneman, S. (2004). Education and Corruption, International Journal of Educational Development, 24 (November), pp. 637-648.
Holdsworth, N. (2004). ‘Quality Police’ Axe Poor Colleges. The Times Higher Education Supplement, 1627, (February 14), p. 12.
Jacobson, J. (2005). MIT fires biology professor who admitted faking data. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 52(12) (November 11), p. A13.
Johnston, M. (1996). The Search for Definitions: The Vitality of Politics and the Issue of Corruption. International Social Science Journal, 149, pp. 310-322.
Klitgaard, R. (1986). Elitism and Meritocracy in Developing Countries. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.
Krueger, A. (1974). The Political Economy of a Rent-Seeking Society. American Economic Review, 64(3), pp. 291-302.
Lemutkina, M. (2004). 50% roditelej platyat prepodavatelyam vztyatki [50 percent of parents pay bribes to faculty members]. Gazeta.ru (February 17).
Lemutkina, M. (2006). Genprokuratura poshla na ediny ekzamen [The Attorney General’s Office took up on the standardized test]. Gazeta.ru (June 6).
Lemutkina, M. (2006). Rosobrnadzoru propalili obshak [Rosobrnadzor lost its sources of illegal income]. Gazeta.ru (September 25).
Lemutkina, M. (2007). Rosobrvygovor [Rosobrreprimand]. Gazeta.ru (April 9).
MacWilliams, B. (1999). Diplomas for sale on Moscow’s streets: $800 degrees from universities reflect the corruption of Russian higher education. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 16 (July 16).
Mangan, K. (2003). Many medical professors who serve on review boards also have industry ties, study finds. The Chronicle of Higher Education, (August 14).
Miller, S., Peter R. & Spence, E. (2005). Corruption and Anti-Corruption: An Applied Philosophical Approach. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
MVD: vziatki v obrazovanii dohodyat do milliona rublej [Ministry of the Interior: size of a bribe in education reaches one million rubles]. Gazeta.ru (June 10, 2006).
Noah, H. & Eckstein, M. (2001). Fraud and Education: the Worm in the Apple. Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield.
Nye, J. (1967). Corruption and Political Development: a Cost-Benefit Analysis. American Political Science Review, 61(2), pp. 417-427.
Obshestvennaya palata prokontroliruet situaciju na sotsfake MGU [Obshestvennaja Palata will take under control the situation in the Faculty of Sociology in MGU]. Gazeta.ru, (April 21, 2007).
Osborne, D. (1997). Corruption as Counter-Culture: Attitudes to Bribery in Local and Global Society. In B. Rider (Ed.). Corruption: The Enemy Within. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Owen, G., & Peek, L. (2001). Time cheats pass exams on the Net. The Times (June 2).
Petrov, G., & Temple, P. (2004). Corruption in Higher Education: Some Findings from the States of the Former Soviet Union. Higher Education Management and Policy, 16(1), pp. 82-94.
Rait, R. (1931). Life in the Medieval University. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Rashdall, H. (1936). The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages: Salerno, Bologna, Paris. Vol. I. In B. Emden & M. Powicke (Eds.). The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Rashdall, H. (1936). The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages: Italy, Spain, France, Germany, Scotland, etc. Vol. II. In B. Emden & M. Powicke (Eds.). The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Rashdall, H. (1936). The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages: English Universities – Student Life. Vol. III. In B. Emden & M. Powicke (Eds.). The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Reznik, I. (2004). Vzroslye vrut, shkol’niki spisyvajut. [Adults lie, students cheat]. Gazeta.ru (March 23).
Rose-Ackerman, S. (1978). Corruption: A Study in Political Economy. New York: Academic Press.
Sayed, T. & Bruce, D. (1998). Police Corruption: Towards a Working Definition, African Security Review, 7(1), p. 1. Retrieved June 20, 2005, from http://www.iss.co.za/ASR/7No1/SayedBruce.html
Segal, L. (2004). Battling Corruption in America’s Public Schools. Boston: Northeastern University Press.
Sprosite Viktora Sadovnichego. On-line interv’ju rektora MGU Viktora Sadovnichego [Ask Victor Sadovnichy. On-line interview with the rector of MGU Victor Sadovnichy]. Gazeta.ru (May 6, 2007).
The International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP). Retrieved June 22, 2007, from http://www.unesco.org/iiep/eng/research/research.htm
Thelin, J. (1982). Higher Education and Its Useful Past. Cambridge, MA: Schenkman Publishing Company.
Tirole, J. (1992). Collusion and the Theory of Organizations. In J. Laffont (Ed.). Advances in Economic Theory, Sixth World Congress, Vol. 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Transparency International (2007). Retrieved June 22, 2007, from http://www.transparency.org/news_room/faq/corruption_faq
Treisman, D. (2000). The Causes of Corruption: A Cross-National Study. Journal of Public Economics, 76, pp. 399-457.
V RF ezhegodno 10 tysiach dissertatsij pishutsia za den’gi (U kogo iz chinovnikov est’ uchenye stepeni [In the Russian Federation every year 10 thousand dissertations are written for money (public officials who have academic degrees)].
Newsru.com. March 24, 2006. Retrieved July 5, 2007, from http://www.newsru.com/russia/24mar2006/disserts.html
V Rossii v 2003 godu roditeli potratili na vziatki 26,5 milliarda rublei na obrazovanie svoih detei [In Russia in 2003 parents have paid 26.5 billion rubles in bribes for their children’s education]. Newsru (June 24, 2004).
Van Der Werf, M. (2006). Lawsuit U. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 52(48) (August 6), p. A23.
Van Der Werf, M. (2006). Federal Appeals Court reinstates False-Claims lawsuit against U. of Phoenix. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 53(4) (September 15), p. A33.
Waite, D. & Allen, D. (2003). Corruption and Abuse of Power in Educational Administration. The Urban Review, 35(4), pp. 281-296.
Washburn, J. (2005). The Corporate Corruption of American Higher Education. New York: Basic Books.
Weber, M. (1978). Economy and Society. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
White, G. (1996). Corruption and the Transition from Socialism in China. In M. Levi & D. Nelken (Eds.). The Corruption of Politics and the Politics of Corruption. Oxford: Blackwell.
Wilgoren, J. (2000). Cheating on statewide tests is reported in Massachusetts. The New York Times (February 25).
Williams, H. (2001). Real lives: marked for life. So students bought stolen A-level papers. The Guardian (June 15), p. 6.
Wilson, J. (1975). The Rise of the Bureaucratic State. In S. Theodoulou & M. Cahn (Eds.). Public Policy. Boston: Kluwer.