Cerami, Alfio (2006): New Social Policy Ideas in the Making: The Case of Central and Eastern Europe.
Download (226Kb) | Preview
Central and Eastern European countries have experienced a rapid transformation of their economic, political and welfare regime(s). From a state-paternalist welfare state, post-communist countries are now moving towards something new. A shift in the main social policy paradigm is, in fact, taking place: from central-planning to market-based welfare provisions, from public to private responsibility, from universal and flat-rate to insurance-based and contributions-related benefits. Most of these changes seem to be clearly paradigmatic, although it has still to be asked where the post-1989 social policy discourse originated. This paper aims to address this issue, by exploring the introduction of new social policy ideas in Central and Eastern Europe. The first section clarifies the difference between old and new social policy ideas within the specific context of Central and Eastern Europe. The second section provides a brief overview of the main changes in pension, health care and unemployment benefits, while the third section briefly summarizes the results. The main argument of the paper is that policy makers in the region have combined old with new social policy ideas in order to make the new welfare arrangement sustainable to internal and external pressures. In other words, they recasted the welfare state from within.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||New Social Policy Ideas in the Making: The Case of Central and Eastern Europe|
|Keywords:||Central and Eastern Europe, social policy, welfare state, welfare regime, transition economies|
|Subjects:||P - Economic Systems > P3 - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions > P30 - General
D - Microeconomics > D3 - Distribution > D31 - Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O10 - General
N - Economic History > N3 - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy > N30 - General, International, or Comparative
P - Economic Systems > P5 - Comparative Economic Systems > P51 - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems
D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D61 - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J18 - Public Policy
P - Economic Systems > P2 - Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies > P26 - Political Economy; Property Rights
|Depositing User:||Alfio Cerami|
|Date Deposited:||26. Apr 2008 11:42|
|Last Modified:||21. Feb 2013 00:56|
AA.VV. 2005, Research Report - Romania, final report prepared for the project “The History of Social Work in Eastern Europe 1900 – 1960”, University of Siegen, Germany.
Angelova, M. & Popova, K. 2005, Research Report - Bulgaria, final report prepared for the project “The History of Social Work in Eastern Europe 1900 – 1960”, University of Siegen, Germany.
Angelova, M. & Popova, K., Research Report - Bulgaria, final report prepared for the project “The History of Social Work in Eastern Europe 1900 – 1960”, University of Siegen, Germany.
Baldwin, P. 1990, The Politics of Social Solidarity. Class Bases of the European Welfare State 1875-1975, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Bonoli, G. & Palier, B. 1998, 'How do welfare state change? Institutions and their impact on the politics of welfare state reforms', European Review, 8-2, pp. 333-352.
Bonoli, G. & Palier, B. 2001, 'How Do Welfare State Change? Institutions and their Impact on the Politics of Welfare State Reform in Western Europe', in Welfare State Futures, ed. S. Leibfried, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 37-56.
Cerami, A. 2006a, Social Policy in Central and Eastern Europe. The Emergence of a New European Welfare Regime, LIT Verlag, Berlin.
Cerami, A. 2006b, The Politics of Reform in Bismarckian Welfare Systems: The Cases of Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia, paper presented at the conference "A long good bye to Bismarck? The politics of welfare reforms in Continental Europe" June 16-17, Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.
Ekiert, G. 2003, 'Patterns of Post-Communist Transformation in Central and Eastern Europe', in Capitalism and Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe. Assessing the Legacy of Communist Rule, eds. G. Ekiert & S.E. Hanson, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 89-119.
Hall, P.A. 1997, 'The Role of Interests, Institutions and Ideas in the Comparative Political Economy of the Industrialized Nations', in Comparative Politics. Rationality, Culture, and Structure, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp.174-207.
Heclo, H. 1994, 'Ideas, Interests and Institutions', in The Dynamics of American Politics. Approaches and Interpretations, eds. L. Dodd & C. Jillson, Westview Press, Boulder.
Immergut, E., 1992, Health Politics: Interests and Institutions in Western Europe, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Inglot, T. 2003, 'Historical Legacies, Institutions, and the Politics of Social Policy in Hungary and Poland, 1989-1999', in Capitalism and Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe. Assessing the Legacy of Communist Rule, eds. G. Ekiert & S.E. Hanson, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 210-247.
ISSA –International Social Security Association- 2002, Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Europe 2002, Internatinal Social Security Association, Geneva.
Juhász, B. et al. 2005, Research Report - Hungary, final report prepared for the project “The History of Social Work in Eastern Europe 1900 – 1960”, University of Siegen, Germany.
Kornai, J. 1992, The Socialist System. The Political Economy of Communism, Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
Kornai, J. 2000, Hidden in an Envelope: Gratitude Payments to Medical Doctors in Hungary, Working Paper September, Collegium Budapest, Budapest.
Leskošek, L. & Zaviršek, D. 2005, Research Report - Slovenia, final report prepared for the project “The History of Social Work in Eastern Europe 1900 – 1960”, University of Siegen, Germany.
Manning, N. forthcoming, 'The origins and essence of US social policy: on taxonomies, time and transfers', Global Social Policy, 6 (2), 2006.
O’Connor, J. et al. 1999, States, Markets, Families: Gender, Liberalism and Social Policy in Australia, Canada, Great Britain and the United States, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
O’Connor, J. 2005, Dimensions of Socio-economic Convergence in Welfare State Analysis: Convergence of what? paper presented at the Third Annual ESPAnet Conference "Making Social Policy in the Postindustrial Age" September 22-24, University of Fribourg, Switzerland.
Osis, J. et al. 2005, Research Report - Latvia, final report prepared for the project “The History of Social Work in Eastern Europe 1900 – 1960”, University of Siegen, Germany.
Palier 2006, Background Paper of the Project “The Politics of Reforms in Continental Europe”, unpublished paper, CEVIPOF, Paris.
Palier, B. & Surel, I. 2005, 'Les « trois I » et l’analyse de l’Etat en action, Revue Française de Science Politique, 55 (1), pp.7-32.
Palier, B. 2000, '"Defrosting" the French welfare state', West European Politics, 23-2, pp. 113-136.
Palier, B. 2005, Gouverner la Sécurité Sociale, PUF, Paris.
Pierson, P. 2001, ed., The New Politics of the Welfare State, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Pierson, P., 1996, 'The path to European Integration: A historical institutionalist analysis', Comparative Political Studies, 29-2, pp. 123-163.
Pierson, P., 2004, Politics in Time. History, Institutions and Social Analysis, Princeton University Press, Princeton.
Scharpf, F. W., 1997, Games Real Actors Play: Actor-Centred Institutionalism in Policy Research, Westview, Coulder, CO.
Schludi, M. 2005, The Reform of Bismarckian Pension Systems. A Comparison of Pension Politics in Austria, France, Germany, Italy and Sweden, Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Press.
Schmidt, V. A. 2002, The Futures of European Capitalism, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Schmidt, V. A., 2000, 'Values and Discourse in the Politics of Adjustment', in eds. F.W. Scharpf & V.A. Schmidt, Welfare and Work in the Open Economy. Volume 1. From Vulnerability to Competitiveness, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 229-309.
Szczepaniak, J. et al. 2005 Research Report - Poland, final report prepared for the project “The History of Social Work in Eastern Europe 1900 – 1960”, University of Siegen, Germany.
Taylor-Gooby, P., ed., 2005, Ideas and Welfare State Reform in Western Europe, Palgrave, Basingstoke.
Tomka, B. 2004, 'Wohlfahrtsstaatliche Entwicklung in Ostmitteleuropa und das europäische Sozialmodell, 1945-1990', in WZB Jahrbuch 2004. Das europäische Sozialmodell. Auf dem Weg zum transnationalen Staat, eds. H. Kaelble & G. Schmid, Edition Sigma, Berlin, pp. 107-140.
Wagener, H. J. 2002, 'The welfare state in transition economies and accession to the EU', West European Politics, 25 (2), pp. 152-174.
World Bank, 1994, Averting the Old Age Crisis. Policies to Protect the Old and Promote Growth, Oxford University Press, Washington, DC.