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تحليل الهيكل الإنتاجي والعلاقات القطاعية في الاقتصاد العراقي خلال الفترة (1970 -1990)

Alrubaie, falah.K.Ali (2000): تحليل الهيكل الإنتاجي والعلاقات القطاعية في الاقتصاد العراقي خلال الفترة (1970 -1990).

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Abstract

The topic of study relations sectoral oil states, specifically the relationship between the oil sector and non-oil sectors with particular emphasis on many economists and emerged from theoretical studies and applied, who adopted the hypothesis of Dutch disease, which believes that the rise in oil revenues will have negative effects on the development of sectors Non-oil, especially in the sectors of manufacturing and agriculture. Despite the economic structure characterized by the diversity of Iraq in comparison with the economies of oil-Pure rental nature, but that he shared with them in terms of governing the oil sector in path of changes in relations sectoral result of the continuing situation of imbalance in the structure of production which resulted in the expansion of the oil sector and Economic activities financed by oil revenues, and at the expense of relative neglect of the sectors of the non-oil commodity . To explication the most important developments in the relations sector in the Iraqi economy for the period (1970 -1990) study used a structural analysis, which concerned an analysis of the relative distribution rates and sectoral working relations within the framework of macro-economic system, in order to diagnose the main characteristics of the economic structure in Iraq and the evolving trends Relations in the sector in the Iraqi economy, and determine their impact on the process of structural transformation in Iraqi Economy . To achieve this objective analysis covered both GDP growth and its impact on the development and the sectoral linkages between these sectors , and its impact on the development of relations sector. Finally ,The study found that the Iraqi economy, have witnessed during the eighties of the twentieth century, the worst kinds of sectoral imbalances, which deepened the absence of proportionality between the sectors that are the sources of supply for the domestic output of non-oil commodity, and sectors that operate tributaries of domestic demand, has been reflected, more disruption Between the real production capacities generated in the national economy, reflected in the added value achieved in agriculture and manufacturing, and the large consumer of entry generated in the non-commodity activities, especially activities of public administration and defense. The analysis of the linkages overall productivity (direct and indirect) between different economic activities, the production structure in Iraq biased towards the final production links, and there is no tendency towards engaging in successive stages of production, the absence of the role of intermediary manufacturing productivity, weak effects generated by the incentive, which Explains the weakness of the multiplier effects generated by the exchange sectoral front and rear, and the high volume of leakage from the intermediate flows during the import process for the various intermediate goods production as a result of the weakness of the manufacturing sector's role in bolstering productivity and provide linkages intermediate inputs and productivity of other sectors of national economy and the absence of the role of the leader sector, who achieved high productivity and employment

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