Mendez, Ildefonso (2008): Intergenerational Time Transfers and Internal Migration: Accounting for Low Spatial Mobility in Southern Europe.
Download (800Kb) | Preview
This paper examines the hypothesis that living close to grandparents is optimal for Southern European young couples with children in which the wife works given the combination of, on the one hand, substantial help �ows in the form of grandparenting and, on the other hand, the shortage in the provision of formal childcare services in these countries. I develop a partial equilibrium job search model that incorporates these �ndings. Simulation results show that a reduction in the price of private childcare services is more e¤ective in increasing women�s employment, fertility and inter-regional migration rates than an increase in the availability of publicly funded childcare slots. Using ECHP data I �nd that families with children in which the wife works move signi�cantly less than equivalent childless couples only if they live in a Southern European country. That e¤ect is found for both inter- and intra-regional migrations but is substantially larger in the former case.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Intergenerational Time Transfers and Internal Migration: Accounting for Low Spatial Mobility in Southern Europe|
|Keywords:||Geographic labour mobility, Intergenerational transfers, Child care, Grandparenting, Labour Supply|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J13 - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J22 - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J61 - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
|Depositing User:||Ildefonso Mendez Martinez|
|Date Deposited:||08. May 2008 06:13|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 03:20|
Antolin, P. and O. Bover (1997), �Regional Migration in Spain: the E¤ect of Personal Characteristics and of Unemployment, Wage and House Price Di¤erentials Using Pooled Cross Sections�, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 59, 215-235.
Barcelo, C. (2003), �Modelling Housing Tenure and Labour Mobility: An Empirical Investigation�, mimeo, CEMFI.
Barron, J. and W. Mellow (1979), �Search E¤ort in the Labour Market�, Journal of Human Resources 14, 389-404.
Bettio, F. and P. Villa (1998), �AMediterranean Perspective on the Breakdown of the Relationship Between Participation and Fertility�, Cambridge Journal of Economics 22, 137-171.
Chamberlain, G. (1980), �Analysis of Covariance with Qualitative Data�, Review of Economic Studies 47, 225-238.
Chevalier, A. and T. Viitanen (2003), �The Supply of Childcare in Britain: Do Mothers Queue for Childcare?�, mimeo, University College Dublin.
Cigno, A. (1993), �Intergenerational Transfers Without Altruism: Family, Market and State�, European Journal of Political Economy 7, 505-518.
Del Boca, D., M. Locatelli and D. Vuri (2004), �Childcare Choices by Italian House-holds�, IZA Discussion Paper 983.
Del Boca, D. and D. Vuri (2006), �The Mismatch Between Employment and Child-care in Italy: the Impact of Rationing�, Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics Working Paper 08/2006.
Eckstein, Z. and K.I. Wolpin (1989), �The Speci�cation and Estimation of Dynamic Stochastic Discrete Choice Models�, The Journal of Human Resources 24, 562-598.
Hassler, J., J. Rodriguez-Mora, K. Storesletten and F. Zilibotti (2003), �A Positive Theory of Geographical Mobility and Social Insurance�, CEPR Discussion Paper 2964.
Iacovou, M. (2000), The Living Arrangements of Elderly Europeans, ISER Working Paper 2000-9, University of Essex.
Joesch, J. and B. Hiedemann (2002), �The Demand for Nonrelative Childcare Among Families with Iinfants and Toddlers: A Double-Hurdle Approach�, Journal of Popu- lation Economics 15, 495-526.
Kohler, H.P., C. Billari and J.A. Ortega (2006), �Low Fertility in Europe: Causes, Implications and Policy Options�, in Harris, F.D. (Ed.), The Baby Bust: Who Will Do the Job?, Who Will Pay the Taxes?, Rowman & Little�eld Publishers, 48-109.
Mincer, J. (1978), �Family Migration Decisions�, Journal of Political Economy 86, 749-773.
Mont, D. (1989), �Two Earner Family Migration: A Search Theoretic Approach�, Journal of Population Economics 2, 55-72.
Munshi, K. and M. Rosenzweig (2005), �Why is Mobility in India so Low? Social Insurance, Inequality, and Growth�, Center for International Development at Harvard University Working Paper 121.
Rangel, A. (2003), �Forward and Backward Intergenerational Goods: Why is Social Security Good for the Environment?�, American Economic Review 93, 813-834.
Tatsiramos, K. (2004), �Geographic Labour Mobility and Unemployment Insurance in Europe�, IZA Discussion Paper 1253.
Wrohlich, K. (2005), �The Excess Demand for Subsidized Childcare in Germany�, IZA Discussion Paper 1515.
Wrohlich, K. (2006), �Labour Supply and Childcare Choices in a Rationed Childcare Market�, IZA Discussion Paper 2053