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Comparing Bank Lending Channel in India and Pakistan

Gupta, Abhay (2004): Comparing Bank Lending Channel in India and Pakistan.

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Abstract

This paper investigates the presence and significance of bank lending channel of the monetary policy transmission in India and Pakistan using the Structural Vector Auto Regression (SVAR) approach. The results of econometric analysis support the presence of a significant bank lending channel in these countries. Changes in the monetary policy instruments affect the credit variable (private sector claims) which in turn transmits the shocks to the real side of the economy, i.e. output and prices. The output returns back to initial level in long run, while the effect of monetary policy changes on prices are persistent. I also find that compared to the bank lending in other developing countries the channel in these countries is different and more vital. Another finding is that apart from interest rates, money also seems to play an important role in these economies and its shocks are significantly transmitted to the real macroeconomic activities through changes in the credit variable.

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