Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Openness to Trade and Structural Changes in the Sources of Economic Growth and Labour Demand in Turkey

Guncavdi, Oner and Kucukcifci, Suat (2008): Openness to Trade and Structural Changes in the Sources of Economic Growth and Labour Demand in Turkey.

[img]
Preview
PDF
MPRA_paper_9624.pdf

Download (268kB) | Preview

Abstract

The Turkish economy has undergone drastic structural changes since 1980. While the effects of the Turkish adjustment programme have drawn considerable attention, a few studies have investigated its employment impacts. Unlike neoclassical expectation behind the structural adjustment programme, some studies for Turkey have showed that this policy change in 1980 caused a decline in employment. Results show that the Turkish industrialisation strategy cannot be regarded as export-led industrialisation strategy. Extra output created by exports has been very limited during the post-liberalisation period. However domestic final demand has continued to be the most dominant determinant of output growth. A Surprising result of the paper appears for the period of 1985-1990 when import substitution in final demand created output growth particularly in technology-intensive manufacturing and other manufacturing sectors. However import penetration in final and intermediate goods overwhelmingly important factors creating de-industrialisation in the period of 1990-1996. This paper, however, examines the sources of changes in employment. Despite neoclassical expectations, the reform period after 1982 witnessed large factor substitution against labour, even in the tradable goods sector. Additionally, labour demand also appears to response to output growth less in the post-liberalisation period than before.

UB_LMU-Logo
MPRA is a RePEc service hosted by
the Munich University Library in Germany.