Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Environmental pollution and economic growth elasticities of maritime and air transportations in Iran

Mohamad Taghvaee, Vahid and Agheli, Lotfali and Assari Arani, Abbas and Nodehi, Mehrab and Khodaparast Shirazi, Jalil (2019): Environmental pollution and economic growth elasticities of maritime and air transportations in Iran. Published in: Marine Economics and Management , Vol. 2, No. 2 (2019): pp. 114-123.

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Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of maritime and air transportation on the environment and economy of Iran. The authors specify two dynamic models of the environmental pollution and the economic growth. Then, the authors estimate the environmental and economic elasticities of maritime and air transportation in short run and long run in Iran during 1978–2012. Design/methodology/approach – The authors estimate the environmental and economic elasticities of maritime elasticities in short and long run, using simultaneous equations system. Findings – The findings indicate that the short- and long-run environmental pollution elasticities of maritime transportation are higher than those of the air ones. In addition, the economic growth elasticities are greater in the air transportation compared to maritime one. As a result, the maritime transportation is more pollutant and less productive in Iran in comparison with the air transportation. Originality/value – The policymakers are advised to improve the infrastructure of maritime transportation from both the environmental and economic point of views. Consequently, the air transportation is considered as a cleaner and more beneficial transportation mo

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