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Tržišne strukture u industriji Srbije i problemi tranzicije

Bukvić, Rajko (1995): Tržišne strukture u industriji Srbije i problemi tranzicije. Published in: Zastoji u jugoslovenskoj tranziciji (Stagnancies in Yugoslav transition), Institut društvenih nauka – Centar za ekonomska istraživanja, Beograd (1995): pp. 68-79.

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Abstract

Serbian: U radu se razmatraju problemi izgradnje tržišne privrede slobodne konkurencije u aktuelnim uslovima tranzicije i ekonomske blokade Srbije. Analizirana su stanja tržišta u industrijskim granama na osnovu primene standardnih koeficijenata K4 i uz uobičajenu klasifikaciju na pet grupa (visoko koncentrisana, koncentrisana, srednje koncentrisana, umereno koncentrisana i nekoncentrisana tržišta). S obzirom na generalno visok stepen koncentracije, s preovlađujućim značajem druge od navedenih grupa, kojoj pripada oko 40% svih grana, ona je u daljoj analizi podeljena na nekoliko podgrupa. Na osnovu vrednosti koeficijenta K4 i tako izvršene podele po klasama zatim je identifikovano postojanje tržišta efektivne i neefektivne konkurencije u pojedinim industrijskim granama. Izvršene analize poslužile su za davanje određenih preporuka za ekonomsku, pre svega antimonopolsku politiku, u kojoj donošenje odgovarajuće regulative i prakse neopravdano kasni. English: The work deals with the problems of building the market economy of perfect competition in actual circumstances of transition and economic blockade of Serbia. There were analyzed the market situations in manufacturing industries with the use of standard coefficients K4 and usual classification into five groups (very high concentrated, high concentrated, modest concentrated, low concentrated and not concentrated markets). In sense of general high degree of concentration, with dominant share of second class of used classification, to them about 40% of all branches belong, it was in further analysis into few groups divided. On the basis of so declared divide there were identified the existence of effective and ineffective competition in industrial branches. The analyses made in this work was a basis for the recommendations for the economic, first the antitrust policy, in them the adequate regulation and practice unreasonably is to be late.

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