Vadlamannati, Krishna Chaitanya and Tamazian, Artur (2008): IMPACT OF INSTITUTIONAL QUALITY ON HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN TRANSITION ECONOMIES.
Download (466kB) | Preview
This purpose of this paper is to examine the direct effects of institutional quality on human rights abuses in transition economies. We make use of an alternative empirical approach for evaluation of institutional system’s development in transition economies developed by Chousa et al. (2005). To assess this relationship, along with institutional quality index, which is an operational indicator of institutional system dynamics to observe institutional reforms-economic growth interdependence, we also construct cost of decline in institutional quality and transition from communist to reforms years variables. We also evaluate the effect of institutional quality on human rights abuses conditioned by the level of transition from communist to reforms years. The empirical work reveals that an improvement in institutional quality increases government respect for human rights. While, any decline in institutional quality leads to human rights abuses. The results also show that government respect for human rights are strongly associated with transition towards reforms years.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||IMPACT OF INSTITUTIONAL QUALITY ON HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN TRANSITION ECONOMIES|
|Keywords:||Institutional Quality; Human Rights; Transition economies|
|Subjects:||Z - Other Special Topics > Z0 - General
P - Economic Systems > P2 - Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies > P20 - General
P - Economic Systems > P2 - Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies > P27 - Performance and Prospects
|Depositing User:||Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati|
|Date Deposited:||25 Aug 2008 00:44|
|Last Modified:||25 Feb 2016 23:54|
Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., Robinson, J (2002): Rise of Europe: Atlantic Trade, Institutional Change and Economic Growth, MIT, Sloan School of Management, Working paper No. 4269-02.
Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., Robinson, J. (2004): Rise of Europe: Atlantic Trade, Institutional Change and Economic Growth, MIT, Sloan School of Management, Working paper No. 4269-02 (revised version).
Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S. (2003): Unbundling institutions, NBER Working Paper No. 9934.
Axel Dreher & Martin Gassebner & Lars-H. R. Siemers (2007): Does Terror Threaten Human Rights? Evidence from Panel Data, Working papers 07-156, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
Boswell, Terry and William J. Dixon (1990): Dependency and Rebellion: A Cross-National Analysis, American Sociological Review 55, pp. 540-59
Bekaert, G., Harvey, C.R., & Lundblad, C. (2005): Does financial liberalization spur growth?, Journal of Financial Economics, 57, pp.3-55..
Blanton, Shannon Lindsey (1999): Instruments of Security or Tools of Repression? Arms Imports and Human Rights Conditions in Developing Countries, Journal of Peace Research 36 (2), 233-244
Blanton, Shannon Lindsey (2005): Foreign Policy in Transition? Human Rights, Democracy, and U.S. Arms Exports, International Studies Quarterly 49 (4), pp. 647-667.
Chousa, Juan Pin˜eiro, Khan, Haider A., Melikyan, Davit & Tamazian, Artur (2005): Assessing institutional efficiency, growth and integration, Emerging Markets Review 6, pp. 69– 84
Cingranelli, David L. & David L. Richards (1999): Measuring Level, Pattern & Sequence of Government Respect for Physical Integrity Rights’, International Studies Quarterly 43(2), pp. 407–417
Carlton, David & Michael Stohl, (1987): The Role of Human Rights in U.S. Foreign Assistance Policy, American Journal of Political Science. 31 (4), pp. 1002-1018
Davenport, Christian & David A. II Armstrong (2004): Democracy and the Violation of Human Rights: A Statistical Analysis from 1976 to 1996, American Journal of Political Science 48 (3), pp. 538–554.
Davenport, Christian. (1995): Multi-Dimensional Threat Perception and State Repression: An Inquiry into Why States Apply Negative Sanctions, American Journal of Political Science 39 (3), pp. 683-713.
Davenport, Christian & David A. II Armstrong (2004): Democracy and the Violation of Human Rights: A Statistical Analysis from 1976 to 1996’, American Journal of Political Science 48(3), pp. 538–554
Fearon, James D. & David D. Laitin (2003): Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War’, American Political Science Review 97 (1), pp. 1–16.
Gibney, Matthew J. (2004): The Ethics and Politics of Asylum: Liberal Democracy and the Response to Refugees. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Gibney, Mark & Mathew Dalton (1997): The Political Terror Scale, In Human Rights & Developing Countries, edited by D. L. Cingranelli. Greenwich: JAI Press
Jaggers, Keith & Ted R. Gurr, (1995): Tracking Democracy's Third Wave with the Polity III Data’, Journal of Peace Research 32, pp. 469–482.
Johnson, S., McMillan, J., Woodruff, C. (2000): Entrepreneurs and the ordering of institutional reform: Poland, Slovakia, Romania, Russia and Ukraine compared, The Economics of Transition, 18, pp. 1 – 36.
Khan, Haider A (1989): Macroeconomic effects of technology choice: multiplier and structural path analysis, Journal of Policy Modeling 11 (1), pp.
Khan, Haider A (2004): Development as Freedom, Discussion Paper No. F-257 CIRJE, Graduate School of Economics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Kornai, J (2000): The road to free economy: after ten years, Voprosi, Economiki 12, pp. 42– 46.
Kaufmann, Daniel & Aart Kraay & Massimo Mastruzzi (2004): Governance Matters III: Governance Indicators for 1996, 1998, 2000, and 2002," World Bank Economic Review, Oxford University Press, vol. 18(2), pp. 253-287.
Kaufmann, Daniel (2004): Corruption, Governance and Security: Challenges for the Rich Countries and the World," MPRA Paper 8207, University Library of Munich, Germany.
Mitchell & Mc Cormick, (1988): Economic & Political Explanations of Human Rights Violations, World Politics, 40, pp. 476-498.
Milner, Wesley T (2002): Economic Globalization and Rights: An Empirical Analysis, In Globalization and Human Rights, ed. Alison Brysk. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Neumayer, Eric (2005): Do International Human Rights Treaties Improve Respect for Human Rights?’ Journal of Conflict Resolution 49(6), pp. 925–953
Poe, Steven C. & C. Neal Tate (1994): Repression of Human Rights to Personal Integrity in the 1980s: A global Analysis, American Political Science Review 88(4), pp. 853–872.
Poe, Steven C Tanya Vazquez & Sabine Carey (2001): How are these Pictures Different: Assessing the Biases in the U.S. State Department’s Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, Human Rights Quarterly, 23, pp. 650-677.
Poe, Steven C.; Neal Tate & Linda C. Keith (1999): Repression of Human Right to Personal Integrity Revisited: A Global Cross-National Study Covering the Years 1976-1993’, International Studies Quarterly 43, pp. 291–313. Poe, Steven C & Meernik, James (1995): US Military Aid in the 1980s: A Global Analysis, Journal of Peace Research, 32 (4), pp. 399-411
Richards, David L.; Ronald D. Gelleny & David H. Sacko (2001): Money with a Mean Streak? Foreign Economic Penetration and Government Respect for Human Rights in Developing Countries’, International Studies Quarterly 45(2), pp. 219–239.
Richards, David, R. Gelleny & D. Sacko (2001): Money with a Mean Streak? Foreign Economic Penetration and Government Respect for Human Rights in Developing Countries, International Studies Quarterly 45(2), pp. 219-39.
Richards, David L. (1999): Perilous Proxy: Human Rights and the Presence of National Elections" Social Science Quarterly 80 (4), pp. 648-665.
Rogers, William H. (1993): Regression Standard Errors in Clustered Samples, Stata Technical Bulletin, 13, pp. 19-23.
Sen, Amartya (1999): Development as Freedom, A. Knopf, NY.
Spar, Debora. (1999): Foreign Investment and Human Rights, Challenge 42(1): 55-80.
Silja Eriksen & Indra de Soysa (forthcoming): A Fate Worse Than Debt? International Financial Institutions and Human Rights, 1981–2003, Journal of Peace Research
Stohl, Michael, David Carleton & Steven E. Johnson. (1984): Human Rights and US Foreign Assistance from Nixon to Carter, Journal of Peace Research 21, pp. 215-26.
Sabine C Carey and Steven C Poe (eds) (2004): Understanding Human Rights Violations: New Systematic Studies, Ashgate, Aldershot
Todd Landman (2005): The Political Science of Human Rights, British Journal of Political Science, 35 (3), pp. 549-572
Tambovtsev, V. (1998.): Institutional dynamics in transition economy, Voproci Economiki, 5, pp. 29– 40.
Williams, Rick L. (2000): A Note on Robust Variance Estimation for Cluster-correlated Data, Biometrics, 56, pp. 645-46.
Zanger, Sabine C (2000): A Global Analysis of the Effect of Political Regime Changes on Life Integrity Violations, 1977-93, Journal of Peace Research 37, pp. 213-33.
World Development Indicators (2006): World Bank (online) http://ddp-ext.worldbank.org/WDI
Freedom house data, (online) http://www.freedomhouse.org.
PTS database (online) http://www.unca.edu/~mgibney
POLITY (1V) data (online) http://www.colorado.edu/ IBS/GAD/spacetime/data/Polity.html