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Comparative Human Development: Egypt, Middle East, and the Developing World

Selim, Tarek (2008): Comparative Human Development: Egypt, Middle East, and the Developing World. Published in:

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Abstract

The objective of this research is to derive a comparative human development index by which to study the social welfare position of the Egyptian economy relative to the Middle East region and developing countries. This includes a comprehensive set of economic development indicators: per-capita income, poverty ratio, poverty gap, inequality of income, inequality of gender, and multiple dimensions of social entitlements as inverse measure of social deprivation. Taking water access, health access, education enrolment, and life expectancy as social entitlements, a new human development index is derived based on different works in the literature, most notably the works of Bergson, Samuelson, Atkinson, and Sen. This formulation is then applied to the Egyptian economy, the MENA region, and to a regional set of 79 developing countries. This gives rise to achievements, constraints, and future challenges on a comparative scale.

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