Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Stock Markets: An Overview and A Literature Review

A., Rjumohan (2019): Stock Markets: An Overview and A Literature Review.

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Abstract

Stock markets are without any doubt, an integral and indispensable part of a country’s economy. But the impact of stock markets on the country’s economy can be different from how the other countries’ stock markets affect their economies. This is because the impact of stock markets on the economy depends on various factors like the organization of stock exchanges, its relationship with other components of the financial system, the system of governance in the country etc. All of these factors are distinct for each country; therefore, the impact of stock markets on a country’s economy is also distinct. Over the years, the Indian capital market system has undergone major fundamental institutional changes which resulted in reduction in transaction costs, significant improvements in efficiency, transparency and safety. All these changes have brought about the economic development of the economy through stock markets. In the same way, economic expansion fuelled by technological changes, products and services innovation is expected to create a high demand for stock market development. The present paper is divided into two parts: in the first section, the evolution of international stock markets and the developments in Indian stock markets are briefly reviewed to help us understand how stock markets have emerged as the driving economic forces that they are today; and the second part presents a number of studies that review the impact of financial development, stock market development and its functions and its possible impact on economic growth.

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