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Towards Understanding Outbound GCC International Tourism: The Role of Expatriates and Institutional Quality

Balli, Faruk and Ghassan, Hassan and Al-Jeefri, Hisham (2016): Towards Understanding Outbound GCC International Tourism: The Role of Expatriates and Institutional Quality. Published in: Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events , Vol. 12, No. 2 (July 2020): pp. 142-151.

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Abstract

This paper employs the gravity model using panel data analysis techniques to explain the dynamics of tourism outflows from Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries to high-, middle-, and low-income countries. The results show that, among other known variables, immigrants living in the GCC region have rendered a positive advertising impact on outbound tourism destination decisions in GCC citizens. Apart from the immigrant effect, institutional quality in the destination country is a key determinant of outbound GCC tourism.

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