Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Transits and Transnational Route of Migration and Trafficking: A Journey from Bangladesh to Italy via Moscow, Russia

Kazi Abdul, Mannan and V.V, Kozlov (1997): Transits and Transnational Route of Migration and Trafficking: A Journey from Bangladesh to Italy via Moscow, Russia. Published in: Russian Management Journal , Vol. 8, No. 2 (1997): pp. 27-48.

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Abstract

The absence of academic study and literature dedicated to transit migration underscores our choice to comparatively analyze transit states in the East and West Europe. The target population of migrants was captured through snowball sampling technique from Italy and Russia. The study found that Bangladeshi migrants travel directly from Dhaka to Moscow, Russia on student or tourist visas for the purpose of going to Italy. Later, depend on their syndicates, the nine countries of Ukraine, Belarus, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland and Lithuania in Eastern Europe and Germany, Austria and Malta in Western Europe were illegally crossed the border and reached the Italy. These trips carry serious risks such as death, imprisonment and various forms of torture. It is also seen that the migrants are initially influenced by their Italian expatriate kinships relation and through them they start their journey on this inaccessible path relying on luck. The study also delve out that they usually cross the border on foot during bad weather and use trains and cars the rest of the way for Eastern European countries, while Western European country cross the border by sea from Malta at night to reach Italy. This study propose some general recommendations for activities at the national and international levels resulting from analysis of particular situation in Russia in the field such as to develop dialog with countries of origin on bilateral and multilateral basis about readmission agreements, transit migrants management, protection of their rights and dignity when in transit, and getting the European Union as an interested party to take part in these activities.

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