Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Social Capital and Networks Role in Migrants’ Labour Market Outcomes at Destination: A Study of Bangladeshi Migrants in Italy

Kazi Abdul, Mannan and A. O, Krueger (1998): Social Capital and Networks Role in Migrants’ Labour Market Outcomes at Destination: A Study of Bangladeshi Migrants in Italy. Published in: Russian Journal of Economic and Social Science , Vol. 6, No. 2 (1998): pp. 54-74.

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Abstract

This paper examines the impact of migrant networks on the labour market trajectories of Bangladeshis in Italy. The survey had two stages and two main methodological tools, firstly, a household questionnaire was administrated among a sample of households at the origin and secondly, socio-economic information was collected on all of their destination. A three-stage probabilistic sampling design was applied. Findings reveal a heterogeneous pictures, such as the likelihood of employment in the first year abroad and found that migrant networks reduce the probability to be employed. In addition, only close family members have effect on the likelihood to work; extended kinship and friendship have no influence on employment probability at arrival. Indeed, immediate family members are presumably more likely to take in charge and put up the newly arrived migrant, a burden that may weigh too heavily on weaker ties. Moreover, findings from the models on the type of first occupation suggest that jobs found later are more likely to be semi-skilled or skilled. On the other hand, extended kinship and friendship ties prior to migration as well as pre-established male networks appeared positively correlated with the likelihood to work in the current year of the migration spell. Finally, pre-migration ties in Italy lead to the perpetuation of the pre-existent ethnic niche developed by the Bangladeshi in small trade activities of a rather precarious nature. Of course, the structure of the labour market at destination and the historical links between countries are probably, in their turn, responsible for these dynamics.

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