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Uticaj politike deviznog kursa na trgovinsku razmenu Republike Srbije u uslovima krize – trgovinskopravni i ekonomski aspect

Pavlović, Radica and Bukvić, Rajko (2020): Uticaj politike deviznog kursa na trgovinsku razmenu Republike Srbije u uslovima krize – trgovinskopravni i ekonomski aspect. Published in: Negatrend revija , Vol. 17, No. 4 (2020): pp. 77-93.

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Abstract

Serbian: Trgovinska razmena privrednih subjekata determinisana je instrumentom „Ugovor o prodaji” koji spada u najzustupljenije, najučestalije i po obimu najbrojnije ugovore u privredi. U savremenim uslovima poslovanja, i usled procesa globalizacije, deregulacije i liberalizacije tržišta, on ima više značajnih aspekata, pre svega imajući u vidu turbulentnost, složenost i neizvesnost poslovanja kao i primenu propisa podložnih promenama. Pored toga, na njega mogu imati značajne implikacije i svi vidovi ekonomske politike domicilne zemlje ali i indirektno dominantan uticaj međunarodnih institucija. Jedan od elemenata ekonomske politike jeste devizni kurs koji posredstvom cene i politike vođenja istog, ima znatan uticaj na trgovinske ugovore u pravnom prometu kroz pozicioniranje, konkurentnost, rast i razvoj Republike Srbije kako na domicilnom tako i na međunarodnom tržištu. Dakle, prilikom vođenja kupoprodajnih odnosa, naročito na međunarodnom nivou, neophodno je imati vrhunske stručnjake iz oblasti prava i ekonomije kako ne bi došlo do tzv. principa „pobeda jačeg” u znanju iz ove oblasti jer u tom slučaju svakako bi oni ostvarili znatno veći profit od uobičajenog. Cilj ovog rada jeste da povezujući znanje iz pravnog i ekonomskog domena, stavi fokus na dejstvo efekta politike deviznih kurseva i njegov uticaj u trgovinskom pravu i trgovini imajući u vidu sve implikacije koje su navedene a od krucijalnog su značaja u uslovima krize. English: Exchange of goods and services between the economic entities is determined by the instrument “Contract of Sale”, which is one of the most common, most frequent and most numerous contracts in the economy. In the modern business conditions, and due to the process of globalization, deregulation and market liberalization, international trade has many significant aspects, first of all, having in mind the turbulence, complexity and uncertainty of business as well as the application of regulations that are subject to change. In addition, it can be significantly influenced by all kinds of the economic policy of the domicile country, but also indirectly by the dominant impact of international institutions. One of the elements of economic policy is the exchange rate, which, through the price and the exchange rate policy, has significant implications for trade agreements in legal transactions through positioning, competitiveness, growth and development of the Republic of Serbia in both the domestic and international markets. Therefore, when conducting trade relations, especially at the international level, it is necessary to have top experts in the field of law and economics in order to avoid the so-called principle of “victory of the stronger” in knowledge in this area, because in that case they would certainly make a much higher profit than usual. The aim of this paper is to link knowledge in the legal and economic domain, to focus on the effect of exchange rate policy and its impact on trade law and trade, bearing in mind all the implications listed and crucial in a crisis circumstances.

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