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L’euro alimentaire en France et le partage des valeurs ajoutées

BOYER, Philippe and BUTAULT, Jean-Pierre (2014): L’euro alimentaire en France et le partage des valeurs ajoutées. Published in: Economie rurale No. 342 (July 2014): pp. 45-68.


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French “food euro” and value added distribution

Within the framework of the “l’Observatoire de la formation des prix et des marges des produits alimentaires”, this study consists to decompose the food consumption level into importations, taxes and value added of different sectors, in France between 1995 and 2007. The results show slow but significant tendencies. The share of importations (final products and inputs) grows from 23% to 26% over the period while the share of taxes is stable around 10%. The share of value added is decreasing from 67% to 64%. Considering the agriculture price decreases, the value added share of agriculture and fishing industry declines from 12% to 8% from 1995 to 2005 and grows to 9% thanks to the rise of prices observed in 2006 and 2007. The contribution of food industry is linearly decreasing (from 12.3% in 1995 to 10.5% in 2007) as it is the case of the other processing industries. The share of transportation activity remains stable. The share of the trade activities varies and attains 20% on average, the services one grows from 15% to 19%. The variations of the euro-food components depend on price effects and evolutions of output processes or behavioral consumption. These elements must be put into consideration within the present debates on food price determinations, agreements between downstream activities and producers, opportunities of local agricultural developments.

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