Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Socioeconomic Determinants of Gender Specific Life Expectancy in Turkey: A Time Series Analysis

ŞENTÜRK, İsmail and Ali, Amjad (2021): Socioeconomic Determinants of Gender Specific Life Expectancy in Turkey: A Time Series Analysis.

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Abstract

This paper has tried to analyze the socioeconomic determinants of total as well as gender specific life expectancy in Turkey from 1971 to 2017. Data stationarity has been checked by ADF, PP and DFGLS unit root tests, the time series structural breaks have been checked with the help of Zivot and Andrews (2002) unit root test, and cointegration has been checked with the help of the ARDL bound testing method. The estimated results show that the overall level of education, purchasing power and economic development have a significant role in deciding total average life expectancy in Turkey. Whereas, population growth and environmental degradation have an insignificant contribution in deciding total average life expectancy in Turkey. Estimates show environmental degradation, purchasing power and level of male education have contributed significantly in male life expectancy in Turkey. Economic development and share of the male population have an insignificant role in deciding life expectancy of male in Turkey. Environmental degradation, the level of female education, fertility rates and female population significantly effected female life expectancy, but purchasing power has an insignificant role in deciding life expectancy of female in Turkey. The results recommend that the government of Turkey should enhance the level of education and try to stable purchasing power and sustainable development with controlled fertility rates for higher level life expectancy.

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