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The impact of smart and non-smart sanctions on government health expenditures: evidence from developing resource-based countries

Faraji Dizaji, Sajjad and Ghadamgahi, Zeinab Sadat (2021): The impact of smart and non-smart sanctions on government health expenditures: evidence from developing resource-based countries.

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Abstract

This study aims to investigate the impact of economic sanctions on government health expenditures in developing resource export-based countries, using the dynamic panel data method over the period of 2000-2016. The results show that while the impact of non-smart sanctions on public health expenditures is negative and statistically significant, the impact of smart sanctions on public health expenditures is positive. These findings are evidence of widespread human rights violations by non-smart sanctions and their adverse effects on health among the innocent citizens. Moreover, the results confirm that smart sanctions are humane considering their positive impact on health expenditures. These results remain robust to different specifications of health expenditures and alternative definitions of weights of smart and non-smart sanctions.

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