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Relationship between urbanization and health outcomes in Indian states

TRIPATHI, SABYASACHI (2021): Relationship between urbanization and health outcomes in Indian states.

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The present study assesses the impact of urbanization on health outcomes in Indian states from the period 1971 to 2011. Urbanization is measured by the total urban population, percentage of urban population, and urban population growth rate. Health outcomes are measured by total fertility rates (TFR), crude birth rates (CBR), infant mortality rates (IMR), and life expectancy at birth (LEB). The fixed effect panel data models suggest that urbanization has a strong positive effect on health outcomes by reducing TFR, CBR, IMR, and by increasing LEB. Therefore, we suggest that the increasing urbanization in India is not only beneficial for higher economic growth and development but also for a higher level of health outcomes. The positive urban health outcomes may also be able to control the population growth in India. Therefore, urbanization is essential for holistic development in India.

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