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Is financial development shaping or shaking economic sophistication in African countries?

Njangang, Henri and Asongu, Simplice and Tadadjeu, Sosson and Nounamo, Yann (2021): Is financial development shaping or shaking economic sophistication in African countries?

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Abstract

This paper aims to investigate the effect of financial development on economic complexity using a panel dataset of 24 African countries over the period 1983-2017. The empirical evidence is based on two different approaches. First, we adopt the Hoechle (2007) procedure which produces Driscoll-Kraay standard errors to account for heteroscedasticity and cross–sectional dependence. Second, we implement the system Generalized Method of Moments to account for endogeneity. The results show that financial development increases economic complexity in Africa. Looking at the regional difference, the results show that this effect is less beneficial for SSA countries.

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