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Varieties of Capitalism and re-thinking the East Asian model of economic growth after the Covid-19 pandemic: Rebalancing shareholder and stakeholder capitalism

Lee, Keun (2020): Varieties of Capitalism and re-thinking the East Asian model of economic growth after the Covid-19 pandemic: Rebalancing shareholder and stakeholder capitalism. Published in: Seoul Journal of Economics , Vol. 33, No. 4 (November 2020): pp. 487-504.

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Abstract

East Asian economies had shown remarkable performance of high growth and low inequality, thereby forming a separate East Asian capitalism group within the VoC typologies. There are strong signs that these economies have recently been converging to the LME group, featuring low growth and high inequality, features shared by East Asian economies since the 2000s. Financialisation is arguably one cause for these outcomes of low growth and high inequality. This paper re-evaluates East Asian capitalism in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, which has suddenly halted globalisation and further questioned the superiority of shareholder capitalism associated with financialisation and globalisation. It proposes rebalancing between shareholder and stakeholder capitalism. By doing so, East Asian economies can be reborn as a hybrid capitalism, with East Asian capitalism at its original core, to restore their growth momentum in an inclusive way. It is also argued that the post-pandemic retreat of globalisation is a good opportunity to restore autonomy in domestic economic policymaking over interest rates and exchange rates, while imposing some adjustments over formerly excessive capital mobility.

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